[1]高建亮,赵林峰.速生杉木优良无性系三阶段选择评价[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(06):054-60.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201609026]
 GAO Jianliang,ZHAO Linfeng.An evaluation of fast-growing Chinese fir(Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.)Hook)superior clone selection at three age stages[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(06):054-60.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201609026]
点击复制

速生杉木优良无性系三阶段选择评价
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
41
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
054-60
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2017-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
An evaluation of fast-growing Chinese fir(Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.)Hook) superior clone selection at three age stages
文章编号:
1000-2006(2017)06-0054-07
作者:
高建亮赵林峰
湖南环境生物职业技术学院园林学院,湖南 衡阳 421005
Author(s):
GAO JianliangZHAO Linfeng
School of Landscape Architecture,Hunan Polytechnic of Environment and Biology,Hengyang 421005,China
关键词:
杉木 优良无性系 三阶段 选择年龄 评价
Keywords:
Keywords:Chinese fir superior clones three stages selection age evaluation
分类号:
S722.3+3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201609026
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】根据杉木(Cunninghamia lanceolata(Lamb.)Hook.)131个无性系26 a的调查数据,探讨优良无性系幼龄期、半伐期和伐期选择的优劣。【方法】当无性系间具有极显著性差异时,按无性系的单株立木材积大于对照(湖南金洞林场杉木初级嫁接种子园种子培育出来的1年生健壮苗)30%的标准在6、13和26 a时分别进行优良无性系选择,并把6、13 a时选出的无性系与26 a选出的无性系进行比较,凡与26 a所选相同的无性系认定为选择准确的优良无性系。【结果】3种林龄阶段优良无性系选择的选准率:6 a是53.33%,13 a是86.67%,26 a是100.00%。在26 a时,优良无性系的^-H=19.46 m、D^-1.3=30.43 cm、V^-=0.703 2 m3,而CK的H^-=16.19 m、D^-1.3=22.87 cm、V^-=0.339 6 m3; 优良无性系现实增益ΔH^-=20.20%、ΔD^-1.3=33.06%、ΔV^-=107.07%。【结论】因试验时间已达到了能使目标产品的经济性状充分表现出来的长度,伐期时的选择结果是准确的; 最早、最适选择年龄应是半伐期,虽仍有错选和漏选,但可提前1/2轮伐期就获得和利用优良品系,大大缩短育种世代,提高单位时间所获得的遗传增产效益; 幼龄时进行优良无性系选择,其错选和漏选比例很高,会给增产效益带来不确定性。
Abstract:
【Objective】Based on the survey data of 131 Chinese fir(Cunninghamia lanceolata(Lamb.)Hook.)clones, the advantages and disadvantages of juvenile, semi-cutting and cutting selection of superior clones were discussed. 【Method】When there were extremely significant differences among clones, selection of superior clones aged 6 a, 13 a and 26 a was performed according to the standard of 30% higher single tree volume than the control clones(healthy seedlings cultivated by seeds from primary grafting in a Chinese fir seed orchard in Jindong Forest Farm, Hunan)and comparison of the clones selected was made for 6 a, 13 a and 26 a. When the same clones at 26 a were identified, these were deemed superior clones. 【Result】The selection rate of superior clones at the three ages was determined: 6 a, 53.33%; 13 a, 86.67%; and 26 a, 100.00%. At 26 a, superior clones were evaluated to have the following measurements: H^-=19.46 m, D^-1.3=30.43 cm, V^-=0.703 2 m3,while CK's H^-=16.19 m, D^-1.3=22.87 cm, V^-=0.339 6 m3.Real gains of superior clones' ΔH^-=20.20%, ΔD^-1.3=33.06%, ΔV^-=107.07%. 【Conclusion】The selection result of the cutting period is accurate because the experiment reached the period of desirable performance and provided the desired economic characteristics of the target product. The earliest and optimal age choice should be in the first half of the cutting period; although there are still faults and omittances, good quality lines can be obtained and utilized half of the rotation period in advance, which shortens the breeding generation and remarkably improves the yield per unit time to obtain genetic benefits. When the clones are young, the ratios of fault choice and omittance of superior clones are very high, which lead to uncertainty regarding the yield.

参考文献/References:

[1] 马常耕,周天相,徐金良.杉木无性系生长的遗传控制和早期选择初探[J].林业科学,2000,36(S1):62-69.DOI: 10.11707/j.1001-7488.2000S109. MA C G,ZHOU T X,XU J L. A preliminary study on genetic control of growth traits and early selection of Chinese fir(Cunninghamia lanceolata Hook.)clones[J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2000,36(S1):62-69.
[2] 张全仁.杉木无性系选育与无性系造林[J].中南林学院学报,1989,9(2):167-174.DOI:10.14067/j.cnki.1673-923x.1989.02.012. ZHANG Q R.Clonal breeding and planting of Chinese fir[J].Journal of Central South Forestry University,1989,9(2):167-174.
[3] 黄自瑶,张全仁,桂金玉.杉木无性系品种选育研究[J].林业科技通讯,1990(1):15-16.DOI:10.13456/j.cnki.lykt.1990.01.007. HUANG Z Y,ZHANG Q R,GUI J Y.Study on the breeding of Chinese fir clones[J].Forest Science and Technology,1990(1):15-16.
[4] 陈益泰.杉木种源生长早期选择研究[J].林业科学研究,1994,7(S1):93-100. CHEN Y T.Study on the early selection of the growth of Chinese fir provenance[J].Forest Research,1994,7(S1):93-100.
[5] 黄文良,黎华德,罗桂标,等.杉木无性系试验初步研究[J].广西林业科技,1997,26(4):179-183. HUANG W L,LI H D,LUO G B,et al.The preliminary study on the test of Chinese fir clones[J].Guangxi Forestry Science,1997,26(4):179-183.
[6] 胡德活,阮梓材,卓铜勋,等.杉木优良无性系早期选择[J].广东林业科技,1998,14(3):7-12. HU D H,RUAN Z C,ZHUO T X,et al.The early selection of Chinese fir superior clone[J].Forestry Science and Technology of Guangdong Province,1998,14(3):7-12.
[7] 陈孝丑.杉木速生优良无性系的选育[J].浙江林学院学报,2001,18(3):257-261.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.2095-0756.2001.03.008. CHEN X C.Selection and breeding of fast growth super clone of Chinese fir[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College,2001,18(3):257-261.
[8] 赵承开.杉木优良无性系早期选择年龄和增益[J].林业科学,2002,38(4):53-60.DOI:10.11707/j.1001-7488.20020409. ZHAO C K.A study on optimum age and gain for early selection of superior clone in Cunninghamia lanceolate Hook.[J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2002,38(4):53-60.
[9] 陈志阳,赵承开,黄晓光,等.杉木优良无性系选择研究[J].中南林学院学报,2000,20(2):57-61.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-923X.2000.02.006. CHEN Z Y,ZHAO C K,HUANG X G,et al.Study of the selection of the superior clone of Chinese fir[J].Journal of Central South Forestry University,2000,20(2):57-61.
[10] 胡德活,林绪平,阮梓材,等.杉木无性系早-晚龄生长性状的相关性及早期选择的研究[J].林业科学研究,2001,14(2):168-175.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.2001.02.008. HU D H,LIN X P,RUAN Z C,et al.Study on the growth character correlation of Chinese fir clone and early selection[J].Forest Research,2001,14(2):168-175.
[11] 赖银华.闽南杉木优良无性系选择[J].林业科技开发,2004,18(4):34-36.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-8101.2004.04.012. LAI Y H.Superior clone selection of Cunninghamia lanceolata in south Fujian Province[J].China Forestry Science and Technology,2004,18(4):34-36.
[12] 肖复明,曾志光,沈彩周,等.杉木速生优良无性系选育[J].林业科技开发,2006,20(2):8-11.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-8101.2006.02.003. XIAO F M,ZENG Z G,SHEN C Z,et al.Fast-growing clones selection in Chinese fir[J].China Forestry Science and Technology,2006,20(2):8-11.
[13] 曾志光,肖复明,沈彩周,等.江西省优质速生杉木无性系选育研究[J].林业科学研究,2006,19(5):561-566.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.2006.05.004. ZENG Z G,XIAO F M,SHEN C Z,et al.Clone selection of Chinese fir with fast-growth and superior timber property[J].Forest Research,2006,19(5):561-566.
[14] 李明鹤.杉木无性系选择[R].武汉:中日合作林木育种科学技术中心项目研修班,2004.
[15] 郑会全,胡德活,韦如萍,等.杉木速生无性系选择与材质分析[J].中国农学通报,2012,28(10):27-31.DOI:10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.2011-3239. ZHENG H Q,HU D H,WEI R P,et al.Fast-growing clone selection and wood quality analysis in Chinese fir[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2012,28(10):27-31.
[16] 续九如.林木数量遗传学[M].北京:高等教育出版社,2006:28-31.
[17] 何贵平,陈益泰,张国武.杉木主要生长、材质性状遗传分析及家系选择[J].林业科学研究,2002,15(5):559-563.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.2002.05.009. HE G P,CHEN Y T,ZHANG G W.Genetic analysis and family selection for main traits of growth and wood quality of Chinese fir[J].Forest Research,2002,15(5):559-563.
[18] 黄开勇,陈代喜,郝海坤,等.杉木无性系对比测定与选择[J].西南林学院学报,2008,28(6):25-30.DOI:10.11929/j.issn.2095-1914.2008.06.006. HUANG K Y,CHEN D X,HAO H K,et al.Study on comparative testing and selection of Cunninghamia lanceolata clones[J].Journal of Southwest Forestry College,2008,28(6):25-30.
[19] 段爱国,张雄清,张建国,等.21年生杉木无性系生长与遗传评价[J].林业科学,2014,27(5):672-676.DOI:10.13275/j.cnki.lykxyj.2014.05.016. DUAN A G,ZHANG X Q,ZHANG J G,et al.Growth and genetic evaluation of 21-year-old Chinese fir clonal plantation[J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2014,27(5):672-676.
[20] 游水林,代仕高,马光良,等.杉木无性系的遗传变异及优良无性系选择[J].四川林业科技,2001,22(2):60-64.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1003-5508.2001.02.019. YOU S L,DAI S G,MA G L,et al.Genetic variation of Chinese fir clones and their selection for the elite[J].Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology,2001,22(2):60-64.
[21] 李明鹤,沈宝仙,李传涵,等.杉木无性系的选择与木材生产相结合的研究[J].林业科学,2003,39(3):157-162.DOI:10.11707/j.1001-7488.20030326. LI M H,SHEN B X,LI C H,et al.Clonal selection in combination with timber production of Chinese fir(Cunninghamia lanceolate)[J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2003,39(3):157-162.
[22] 周天相,马常耕.杉木无性系选育(开天系列)[J].林业科学,2000,36(3):40-45.DOI:10.11707/j.1001-7488.20000308. ZHOU T X,MA C G.The clonal selection and breeding of Chinese fir: Kaitian series[J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2000,36(3):40-45.
[23] 郑仁华,施季森,肖 晖,等.杉木第3代种质资源自由授粉子代生长性状遗传变异及早期选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2014,38(6):38-42.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.06.008. ZHENG R H,SHI J S,XIAO H,et al.Genetic variation and early selection of growth traits in 8-year-old open-pollinated progenies of the 3rd germplasm of Chinese fir[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition),2014,38(6):38-42.
[24] 曹汉洋.杉木第2代种子园半同胞子代测定及早期选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011,35(1):19-23.DOI:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.01.005. CAO H Y.Half-sib progeny test and early selection of the 2nd generation seed orchard for Cunninghamia lanceolata[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition),2011,35(1):19-23.

相似文献/References:

[1]翁玉榛.杉木第二代种子园自由授粉子代遗传变异及优良家系选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(01):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.01.004]
 WENG Yu-zhen.Genetic variations of open-pollinated progenies from the second seed orchard and selection of superior families of Chinese fir[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2008,32(06):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.01.004]
[2]汪佑宏,江泽慧,费本华,等.木材冲击韧性含水率修正模型的研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(03):092.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.03.021]
 WANG You hong,JIANG Ze hui,FEI Ben hua,et al.Study on revision model of the wood toughness with moisture content[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(06):092.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.03.021]
[3]陆叶,席梦利,郑佳,等.杨树和杉木茎段组织的冰冻切片技术研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(06):044.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.06.010]
 LU Ye,XI Meng li,ZHENG Jia,et al.Cryosection technique developed for stem tissue gene expression research on poplar and Chinese fir[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(06):044.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.06.010]
[4]林杰,张波,李海东,等.基于GIS的苏南低质低效杉木林分类研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(03):157.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.032]
 LIN Jie,ZHANG Bo,LI Hai dong,et al.Classification and evaluation of the lowquality and benefit forest of Chinese fir based on GIS[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(06):157.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.03.032]
[5]樊琳,江波*,沈爱华,等.浙江杉木优良家系区域试验研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(04):031.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.04.007]
 FAN Lin,JIANG Bo*,SHEN Ai hua,et al.Regional test for superior family of Chinese fir in Zhejiang province[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(06):031.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.04.007]
[6]曹汉洋.杉木第2代种子园半同胞子代测定及早期选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011,35(01):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.01.005]
 CAO Hanyang.Halfsib progeny test and early selection of the 2nd generation seed orchard for Cunninghamia lanceolata[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2011,35(06):019.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.01.005]
[7]黄寿先,施季森*,李力,等.杉木无性系微纤丝角遗传变异的研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(01):011.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.01.003]
 HUANG Shou-xian,SHI Jise*,LI Li,et al.Genetic Variation on Tracheid Microfibril Angle of Chinese Fir Clones[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2005,29(06):011.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.01.003]
[8]黄寿先,施季森*,李力,等.杉木纤维用材优良无性系的选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(05):021.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.05.005]
 HUANG Shou-xian,SHI Jisen*,LI Li,et al.Selection of Superior Clones of Chinese Fir for Fibre Wood[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2005,29(06):021.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.05.005]
[9]杨立伟,施季森’.杉木茎段形成层组织cDNA文库的构建[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(06):085.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.06.021]
 YANG Li-wei,SHI Ji-sen*.Construction, of cDNA Library from Stem Cambium Tissue of Cuninghamia lanceolata (Lam.) Hook[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2005,29(06):085.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.06.021]
[10]郑仁华.杉木种子园自由授粉子代遗传变异及优良遗传型选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2006,30(01):008.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.01.002]
 ZHENG Ren-hua.Genetic Variations of Seed Orchard Open-pollinated Progenies and Selection of Superior Genotypes of Chinese fir[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2006,30(06):008.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.01.002]
[11]欧阳磊,郑仁华,翁玉榛,等.杉木优良无性系组培快繁技术体系的建立[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2007,31(03):047.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.03.010]
 OUYANG Lei,ZHENG Ren-hua,WENG Yu-zhen,et al.Establishment of Technique system of Tissue Culture on Chinese Fir Superior Clones[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2007,31(06):047.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.03.010]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:湖南省林业厅基金资助项目(98-201); 湖南省教育厅基金资助项目(97B138,17C0564) 第一作者:高建亮(6015941@qq.com),副教授,主要负责试验设计、文章组织; 赵林峰(270679030@qq.com),讲师,主要负责数据整理与分析。*通信作者:E-mail: ××。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01