[1]杨宝玲,张文文,范 换,等.苏北沿海地区不同土地利用类型下土壤动物群落结构特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(06):120-126.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201705034]
 YANG Baoling,ZHANG Wenwen,et al.Community structure of soil fauna under different land use types in the coastal area of Northern Jiangsu Province[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(06):120-126.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201705034]
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苏北沿海地区不同土地利用类型下土壤动物群落结构特征
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
41
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
120-126
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2017-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Community structure of soil fauna under different land use types in the coastal area of Northern Jiangsu Province
文章编号:
1000-2006(2017)06-0120-07
作者:
杨宝玲12张文文13范 换1王邵军4阮宏华1*沈彩芹5曹国华5
1.南方现代林业协同创新中心,南京林业大学生物与环境学院,江苏 南京 210037; 2.江苏农林职业技术学院 风景园林学院,江苏 句容 212400; 3.上海市林业总站,上海 200072; 4.西南林业大学环境科学与 工程学院,云南 昆明 650224; 5.江苏省东台林场,江苏 东台 224200
Author(s):
YANG Baoling1 2 ZHANG Wenwen1 3 FAN Huan1 WANG Shaojun4 RUAN Honghua1* SHEN Caiqin5 CAO Guohua5
1.Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China; 2. School of Lanscape Architecture, Jiangsu Vocational College of Agriculture and Forestry, Jurong 212400, China; 3.Shanghai Forestry Station, Shanghai 200072, China;
关键词:
苏北沿海地区 土壤动物多样性 土地利用类型 群落结构
Keywords:
Keywords:coastal area of Northern Jiangsu Province soil fauna diversity land use type community structure
分类号:
S718.6
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201705034
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】了解中国苏北沿海地区不同土地利用类型下土壤动物的多样性及其生态分布特征,为该地区土壤动物系统研究以及生态系统健康评价提供基础资料。【方法】采用手拣法和干漏斗法,对苏北沿海3种不同土地利用类型(杨树人工林、杨-农复合林、农田)下的土壤动物群落组成与多样性特征进行研究。【结果】土壤动物群落在杨树人工林、杨-农复合林、农田中均以蜱螨目(Acarina)、弹尾目(Collembola)动物为优势类群,占全部捕获量的82.48%,是组成该地区土壤动物群落的主体; 土壤动物个体数量随季节呈现一定规律性,即夏>秋>春>冬; 土壤动物垂直分布上,表聚性明显; 在群落多样性方面,杨树人工林土壤动物的Shannon-Wiener多样性指数与Pielou均匀度指数最高,杨-农复合系统土壤动物的丰富度(Margalef指数)最高,而农田土壤动物的Simpson优势度最高,多样性指数与均匀度指数最低。【结论】土地利用方式的转变影响了土壤动物的组成与多样性特征,复合经营和适度干扰可在一定程度上提高土壤动物的丰富度; 但是人为干扰强度较大时,会降低土壤动物的多样性和均匀度。
Abstract:
【Objective】Investigate the diversity and ecological distribution of soil fauna in different land-use types in the coastal areas of Northern Jiangsu Province, China, and provide basic data for research on soil fauna systems and assessment of ecosystem health in this area.【Method】We analyzed soil fauna in three different land use types(i.e. poplar-crop integrated system, poplar plantation and crop land)from December 2013 to December 2014 in a coastal area in Northern Jiangsu Province, China.【Result】Acarina and Collembola were the dominant Order in this area, and the combined population in the two Order accounted for 82.48% of the total number of individuals constituting the body of the soil fauna community in the aforementioned coastal area. The vertical distribution of the number and components of the soil fauna groups had obvious surface collection. Simpson's dominance index was the highest in the crop land, and the Shannon-Wiener diversity and Pielou's evenness indices were the highest in the poplar plantation. Margalef's abundance index was the highest in the poplar-crop integrated system. The soil fauna in the poplar-crop integrated system was characterized by the highest number of taxa and individuals and highest Margalef's diversity index value, suggesting that agro-forestry ecosystems may support greater density and distribution of soil fauna than monoculture or plantation forestry.【Conclusion】Land use changes may alter species composition and structure of soil fauna assemblage, and moreover, human intervention may affect the diversity and evenness of soil fauna.

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相似文献/References:

[1]谭艳,王邵军*,阮宏华*,等.不同林龄杨树人工林土壤动物群落结构特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2014,38(03):008.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.03.002]
 TAN Yan,WANG Shaojun*,RUAN Honghua*,et al.Community structure of soil fauna in different age poplar plantations[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2014,38(06):008.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.03.002]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0600204); 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD) 第一作者:杨宝玲(474272291@qq.com),讲师,博士。*通信作者:阮宏华(hhruan@njfu.edu.cn),教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01