[1]屠坤坤,孔丽琢,王小青.木材表面SiO2/环氧树脂/氟硅烷复合超疏水膜的构建[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(06):158-162.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201609028]
 TU Kunkun,KONG Lizhuo,WANG Xiaoqing.Fabrication of superhydrophobic SiO2/epoxy resin/fluorinated alkylsilane nanocomposite coatings on wood surfaces[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(06):158-162.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201609028]
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木材表面SiO2/环氧树脂/氟硅烷复合超疏水膜的构建
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
41
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
158-162
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2017-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Fabrication of superhydrophobic SiO2/epoxy resin/fluorinated alkylsilane nanocomposite coatings on wood surfaces
文章编号:
1000-2006(2017)06-0158-05
作者:
屠坤坤孔丽琢王小青
中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所,北京 100091
Author(s):
TU Kunkun KONG Lizhuo WANG Xiaoqing
Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
关键词:
木材表面 超疏水 疏油 耐磨性 二氧化硅 环氧树脂
Keywords:
Keywords:wood surface superhydrophobicity oleophobicity abrasion-resistance silica epoxy resin
分类号:
S781
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201609028
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】为获得具有良好机械耐磨性的超疏水木材,构建了木材表面SiO2/环氧树脂/氟硅烷复合超疏水膜。【方法】采用两步法在木材表面构建有机/无机复合超疏水涂层,在木材基底预置透明环氧树脂底层以覆盖木材表面天然微沟槽结构,然后构建SiO2/环氧树脂/氟硅烷(FAS)复合超疏水薄膜。采用场发射扫描电子显微镜、原子力显微镜以及傅里叶红外光谱仪对超疏水涂层的微观形貌和化学组成进行表征,并测试其疏水、疏油和机械耐磨性能。【结果】木材表面复合超疏水涂层具有精细的微/纳米二元粗糙结构,该结构协同低表面能物质FAS,使木材表面不仅具有良好的超疏水性能(水静态接触角为153°,滚动角低于4°),而且疏油(乙二醇接触角为146°,滚动角低于11°); 经砂纸多次磨擦后木材表面水接触角和滚动角基本不变,超疏水性能保持稳定,超疏水涂层的微纳米结构及疏水物质依然保留,表现出良好的机械耐磨性。【结论】有机/无机复合超疏水涂层体系中,环氧树脂由于黏结作用使得SiO2纳米粒子与木材基底形成牢固的结合,从而赋予涂层良好的机械稳定性。
Abstract:
【Objective】In order to obtain mechanically durable superhydrophobic wood, a superhydrophobic nanocomposite film using silica/epoxy resin/fluorinated alkylsilane(FAS)was constructed on the wood surface.【Method】Superhydrophobic organic/inorganic nanocomposite coatings were fabricated on wood surfaces via a two-step process, which involved the application of a primer coating of transparent epoxy resin to cover the naturally micro-grooved surface structure, and subsequent construction of a superhydrophobic nanocomposite film using silica/epoxy resin/FAS. The surface morphology and chemistry of the superhydrophobic coatings were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM), atomic force microscopy(AFM), and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR). The hydrophobicity, oleophobicity, and mechanical durability of the coated wood were tested. 【Result】The results indicated that the well-developed microstructures with dual-scale roughness patterns and the low-surface-energy FAS in the coatings are believed to be responsible for the good superhydrophobicity(with a water contact angle of 153° and a sliding angle less than 4°)and oleophobicity(with a glycol contact angle of 146° and a sliding angle less than 11°). The water contact angles and sliding angles of the coated wood exhibited negligible changes after repeated abrasion by sandpaper, indicating sustainable non-wetting properties. Meanwhile, the surface microstructures with dual-scale roughness and the low-surface-energy materials in the coatings were retained, exhibiting remarkable durability against sandpaper abrasion. 【Conclusion】In this organic/inorganic hybrid coating system, the epoxy resin acts as a binder to anchor the SiO2 nanoparticles tightly on the wood substrate, thus endowing the superhydrophobic coatings with remarkable mechanical durability.

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相似文献/References:

[1]常焕君,刘思辰,王小青*,等.木材表面纳米TiO2疏水薄膜的构建及抗光变色性能[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(04):116.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.020]
 CHANG Huanjun,LIU Sichen,WANG Xiaoqing*,et al.Construction of hydrophobic nano-TiO2 on wood surface and analysis of its anti-photodiscoloration performance[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(06):116.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.020]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31570554); 国家留学人员科技活动项目择优资助经费(优秀类)项目(人社厅函[2015]192号) 第一作者:屠坤坤(tukunkun1@126.com)。*通信作者:王小青(wangxq@caf.ac.cn),副研究员。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01