[1]杨 桦,杨 伟䥺Symbolj@@,杨春平,等.长足大竹象产卵行为研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(06):199-204.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201610050]
 YANG Hua,YANG Wei*,YANG Chunping,et al.Oviposition behavior of Cyrtotrachelus buqueti Guerin-Meneville[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(06):199-204.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201610050]
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长足大竹象产卵行为研究
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
41
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
199-204
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2017-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Oviposition behavior of Cyrtotrachelus buqueti Guerin-Meneville
文章编号:
1000-2006(2017)06-0199-06
作者:
杨 桦杨 伟䥺Symbolj@@杨春平蔡 艳蒲远凤王 帆
四川农业大学林学院,长江上游林业生态工程四川省重点实验室, 四川 成都 611130
Author(s):
YANG Hua YANG Wei* YANG Chunping CAI Yan PU Yuanfeng WANG Fan
Sichuan Provincial Key Laboratory of Ecological Forestry Engineering in the Upper Reaches of Yangtze River, College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
关键词:
长足大竹象 产卵行为 产卵经历 寄主
Keywords:
Keywords:Cyrtotrachelus buqueti Guerin-Meneville oviposition behavior oviposition experience host
分类号:
Q968
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201610050
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】探索长足大竹象(Cyrtotrachelus buqueti Guerin-Meneville)的产卵行为规律。【方法】通过室内饲养观察和视频捕捉相结合的方法,记录了长足大竹象完整的产卵过程,比较了寄主种类和生理状态对其产卵行为的影响。【结果】长足大竹象完整的产卵过程包括爬行、停留、探测、刻槽、产卵器伸出、产卵和隐藏(修饰)共7个阶段。室内试验表明,长足大竹象完整产卵时间为(69.85±1.64)min,其中爬行(25.56±0.79)s,停留(45.57±0.70)s,探测(1.19±0.03)min,刻槽(38.51±0.42)min,产卵器伸出(8.89±0.19)s,产卵(2.65±0.05)min,修饰(23.87±0.74)min。雌虫初次产卵时,在爬行、停留、探测、刻槽、产卵时间上显著高于有产卵经历的雌虫(P<0.05); 除产卵器伸出和产卵的频次差异不显著外,雌虫初次产卵中其他行为的频次都显著长于再次产卵(P<0.05)。雌虫在健康竹笋上刻槽、产卵和修饰历期显著长于在受损竹笋(P<0.05),而在健康竹笋上各行为的频次均高于受损竹笋的相应阶段(P<0.05)。长足大竹象在不同种类竹笋上的产卵时间存在差异,在慈竹上,雌虫的爬行、停留、探测历期明显短于其余4种竹类(P<0.05),而刻槽历期最长((39.37±0.54)min)(P<0.05)。室内观察发现长足大竹象在第3至9天之间达到产卵高峰期。【结论】长足大竹象产卵行为受产卵经历的影响,在不同寄主上的产卵行为差异显著。
Abstract:
【Objective】 This study aimed to explore the patterns of oviposition behavior of Cyrtotrachelus buqueti Guerin-Meneville. 【Method】 We examined the complete oviposition process through laboratory rearing and video recording, and then compared the effects of different species and physiological status of hosts on oviposition behavior. 【Result】 The results showed that the complete oviposition process of C. buqueti included creeping, inactivity, probing, gnawing nidus, ovipositor protrusion, oviposition, and hiding. In the laboratory, the complete oviposition process was observed to last for(69.85±1.64)min. The duration of the component behaviors of the oviposition process were as follows: creeping(25.56±0.79)s; inactivity(45.57±0.70)s; probing(1.19±0.03)min; gnawing nidus(38.51±0.42)min; ovipositor protrusion(8.89±0.19)s; oviposition(2.65±0.05)min; and hiding(23.87±0.74)min. For females ovipositing for the first time, the times spent creeping, inactivity, probing, gnawing nidus, and ovipositing were significantly longer than for those females that had oviposited previously(P<0.05). With the exception of the frequencies of ovipositor protrusion and oviposition, the frequencies of the other oviposition behaviors of inexperienced females were considerably higher compared to those of experienced females(P<0.05). C. buqueti females preferentially selected healthy hosts for oviposition. When females oviposited on healthy bamboo shoots, gnawing nidus, oviposition, and hiding times were considerably longer(P<0.05), and the frequency of all these behaviors was significantly higher(P<0.05)compared with females ovipositing on damaged bamboo shoots. The oviposition time of C. buqueti varied with different hosts. When ovipositing on Neosinocalamus affinis, the creeping, inactivity, and probing times of females were significantly shorter compared with those on the other four examined hosts(P<0.05), and the time for gnawing nidus was the longest((39.37±0.54)min)(P<0.05). The peak of C. buqueti oviposition in the laboratory occurred between the third days to ninth days. 【Conclusion】 The oviposition behavior of C. buqueti was influenced by oviposition experience, and differed significantly on different hosts.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31400548); 中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2014M560725) 第一作者:杨桦(yanghua151017@163.com)。*通信作者:杨伟(ywei0218@aliyun.com),教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01