[1]伊贤贵,丁 晖,方炎明,等.基于固定样地的黄山不同海拔森林群落物种多样性分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(01):149-155.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201610060 ]
 YI Xiangui,DING Hui,FANG Yanming,et al.Species diversity of forest communities at different altitudes based on fixed plot in Huangshan Mountains[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(01):149-155.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201610060 ]
点击复制

基于固定样地的黄山不同海拔森林群落物种多样性分析
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
42
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
149-155
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-01-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Species diversity of forest communities at different altitudes based on fixed plot in Huangshan Mountains
文章编号:
1000-2006(2018)01-0149-07
作者:
伊贤贵1 丁 晖2 方炎明1 叶要清3 陈水飞2 王 旭3 从 睿1 张开文1 李 垚1 王贤荣1*
1.南方现代林业协同创新中心,南京林业大学生物与环境学院,江苏 南京 210037; 2.环境保护部南京环境科学研究所自然保护与生物多样性研究中心,武夷山国家生物多样性综合观测站, 国家环境保护武夷山生态环境科学观测研究站,国家环境保护生物安全重点实验室,江苏 南京 210042; 3.黄山风景区管理委员会园林局,安徽 黄山 245800
Author(s):
YI Xiangui1 DING Hui2 FANG Yanming1 YE Yaoqing3CHEN Shuifei2 WANG Xu3 CONG Rui1 ZHANG Kaiwen1LI Yao1 WANG Xianrong1*
1. Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China; ···
关键词:
植物群落 群落结构 多样性 固定样地 黄山
Keywords:
Keywords:community community structure diversity fixed plot Huangshan Mountains
分类号:
S718.54
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201610060
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】对黄山植被进行多样性研究,了解不同海拔群落物种组成及结构特征,完善森林植被的多样性研究,以便为该地区的生物多样性保护及资源可持续利用提供客观依据。【方法】采用样地调查法对黄山3个不同海拔和生境的植物群落进行大样地调查,分析其种类组成、区系特征和物种多样性,并结合Jaccard群落相似性原理评价了3个群落间的相似度。【结果】样地内维管植物有39科76属124种; 区系特征显著,同时具有亚热带和温带成分,且后者更明显; 乔木层优势度最高,丰富度和多样性变化趋势一致,均表现为灌木层>乔木层>草本层,3个群落的物种多样性和丰富度总体表现为群落Ⅰ>群落Ⅲ>群落Ⅱ; 群落结构为中等不相似,Ⅰ与Ⅱ的相似度>Ⅰ与Ⅲ的相似度>Ⅱ与Ⅲ的相似度。【结论】整体来看,黄山植物沿海拔有显著更替特征,乔木层优势种明显,种类单一,占据顶层空间; 灌木层植物种类丰富,均匀分布,是群落的主要结构组成; 草本层占据较少的空间。3个群落植物多样性较低,相似性水平低,不同海拔的分布种不同,与植被退化及更替都有关联。根据黄山植被群落实际情况,建议适当开窗疏林,并对风景区进行间断保护,促进林下苗木和灌丛的生长及均匀分布,完成森林的更新演替,使之向稳定群落发展。
Abstract:
【Objective】In order to provide an objective basis for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of resources in Huangshan Mountaion, we studied the diversity of plants, discussed the species composition and structure of the community, and improved the research on diversity of forest vegetation in this study. 【Method】Three communities of different elevations and habitats in Huangshan Mountaion were investigated by using the sampling survey method. We analyzed the species composition, floristic characteristics, species diversity of three communities and this similarity among the three communities evaluated by Jaccard community similarity principle. 【Results】There were 124 species(including varieties)which belong to 76 genera and 39 families within the 3 600 m2. The floristic characteristics was significant, harboring both subtropical and temperate elements, and the latter was superior. Dominance of tree layers was largest, the change trend of species richness was consistent with that of the diversity, which showed up as shrub layers>tree layers>herb layers. Species richness and diversity of the three communities were manifested as Ⅰ>Ⅲ>Ⅱ. The structures of communities were moderately dissimilar, which similarity among these were Ⅰand Ⅱ>Ⅰand Ⅲ>Ⅱand Ⅲ. 【Conclusion】On the whole, the plants in Huangshan obviously change along with the elevation, the dominant species of the tree layer was dominant, the species was single, occupying the top space, the shrub layer vegetation was rich and evenly distributed, which was the main structure of the community, and the herbaceous layer occupied less space. The diversity of the three communities was low, meantime the similarity level was low, and many species distributed in different altitudes were different, which was associated with vegetation degradation and replacement. According to the actual situation of Huangshan vegetation community, it is suggested that the appropriate intervening forest protection and the intermittent protection of protected areas would promote the growth and even distribution of the seedlings and shrubs under the forest, and complete the regeneration succession of the forest, so as to develop the stable community.

参考文献/References:

[1] 徐建,韦新良,王敬,等.龙王山落叶阔叶林群落特征及物种多样性研究[J].西南林业大学学报, 2014, 34(3): 19-26. DOI: 10.3969 / j.issn. 2095-1914.2014.03.004. XU J, WEI X L, WANG J, et al. Species diversity and community characteristics of deciduous broad-leaved forest in Longwang Mountain[J]. Journal of Southwest Forestry University, 2014, 34(3): 19-26.
[2] EVAN W, SARAH F, TIMOTHY S, et al. Multivariate control of plant species richness and community biomass in blackland prairie[J]. Oikos, 2004, 106(1): 151-157. DOI: 00301299 / 16000706.
[3] 孟占军,芮正阳,秦建明,等.森林资源连续清查中样方植被调查的重要性分析[J].内蒙古林业调查设计, 2014, 37(5): 41-43. MENG Z J, RUI Z Y, QIN J M, et al.The summarize of long-term, permanent plots of forest innortheast area[J]. Inner Mongolia Forestry Investigation and Design, 2014, 37(5): 41-43.
[4] 刘海丰,李亮,桑卫国.东灵山暖温带落叶阔叶次生林动态监测样地:物种组成与群落结构[J].生物多样性, 2011, 19(2): 232-242. DOI: 10.3724 / SP.J. 1003.2011.11319. LIU H F, LI L, SANG W G. Species composition and community structure of the Donglingshan forest dynamic plot in a warm temperate deciduous broad-leaved secondary forest, China[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2011, 19(2): 232-242.
[5] 高润梅,石晓东,郭跃东.山西文峪河上游河岸林群落稳定性评价[J]. 植物生态学报, 2012, 36(6): 491-503. DOI: 10.3724 / SP.J. 1258.2012.00491. GAO R M, SHI X D, GUO Y D. Community stability evaluation of riparian forest of the upper reaches of Wenyuhe in Shanxi, China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2012, 36(6): 491-503.
[6] 赵中华,白登忠,惠刚盈,等.小陇山不同经营措施下次生锐齿栎天然林物种多样性研究[J]. 林业科学研究, 2013, 26(3): 326-331. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1498.2013.08.010. ZHAO Z H, BAI D Z, HUI G Y, et al. Species diversity of Quercus alena var. acuteserrata natural forest with different management measures at Xiaolongshan[J]. Forest Research, 2013, 26(3): 326-331.
[7] 覃林.统计生态学[M].北京:中国林业出版社, 2009:1-7. TAN L. Statistical ecology[M]. Beijing: China Forestry Press, 2009:1-7.
[8] 叶万辉,曹洪麟,黄忠良,等.鼎湖山南亚热带常绿阔叶林20公顷样地群落特征研究[J]. 植物生态学报, 2008, 32(2): 274-286. DOI: 10.3773 / j.issn.1005-264x.2008.02.005. YE W H, CAO H L, HUANG Z L, et al. Community structure of a 20 hm2 lower subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest plot in Dinghushan, China[J]. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2008, 32(2): 274-286.
[9] 祝燕,赵谷风,张俪文,等.古田山中亚热带常绿阔叶林动态监测样地——群落组成与结构[J]. 植物生态学报, 2008, 32(2): 262-273. DOI: 10.3773 / j.issn.1005-264x.2008.02.004. ZHU Y, ZHAO G F, ZHANG L W,et al. Community composition and structure of Gutianshan forest dynamic plot in a mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest, east China[J]. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2008, 32(2): 262-273.
[10] 丁晖,杨云方,徐海根,等.武夷山典型常绿阔叶林物种组成与群落结构[J]. 生态学报, 2015, 35(4): 1142-1154. DOI: 10. 5846 / stxb201305050924. DING H, YANG Y F, XU H G,et al. Species composition and community structure of the typical evergreen broad-leaved forest in the Wuyi Mountains of southeastern China[J].Acta ecological sinica, 2015, 35(4): 1142-1154.
[11] 丁晖,方炎明,杨青,等.武夷山中亚热带常绿阔叶林样地的群落特征[J]. 生物多样性, 2015, 23(4): 479-492. DOI: 10. 17520 / biods. 2015021. DING H, FANG Y M, YANG Q,et al. Community characteristics of a mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest plot in the Wuyi Mountains, Fujian Province, Southeastern China[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2015, 23(4): 479-492.
[12] 丁晖,方炎明,杨新虎,等.黄山亚热带常绿阔叶林的群落特征[J]. 生物多样性, 2016, 24(8): 875-887. DOI: 10.17520 / biods.2016108. DING H, FANG Y M, YANG X H,et al. Community characteristics of a subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest in Huangshan, Anhui Province, East China[J]. Biodiversity Science,2016, 24(8): 875-887.
[13] 胡嘉琪,梁师文.黄山植物[M].上海:复旦大学出版社, 1996:10-34. HU J Q, LIANG S W. Huangshan plants[M]. Shanghai: Fudan University Press, 1996:10-34.
[14] 陈志伟,伊贤贵,王贤荣,等.黄山微毛樱群落主要种群生态位特征[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2014, 38(S1): 39-46. DOI: 10.3969 / j.issn. 1000-2006.2014.S1.009. CHEN Z W, YI X G, WANG X R, et al. Niche characteristics of dominant population of Cerasus clarofolia community in Huangshan Mountain[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2014, 38(S1): 39-46.
[15] 巩劼,陆林,晋秀龙,等.黄山风景区旅游干扰对植物群落及其土壤性质的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 29(5): 2239-2251. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn.1000-0933.2009.05.008. GONG J, LU L, JIN X L, et al. Impacts of tourist disturbance on plant communities and soil properties in Huangshan Mountion scenic area[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009, 29(5): 2239-2251.
[16] HE X B, SONG F Q, ZHANG P, et al. Variation in litter decomposition-temperature relationships between coniferous and broadleaf forests in Huangshan Mountain, China[J]. Journal of Forestry Research, 2007, 18(4): 291-297. DOI: 10.1007/S 11676-007-0058-0.
[17] 蒋蕾,刘兆刚.大兴安岭天然白桦林群落结构特征及其物种多样性[J]. 森林工程, 2014, 30(4): 12-17. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-005X.2014.04.003. JIANG L, LIU Z G. Structure characteristics of natural birch community and species diversity in Great Xingan Mountains[J]. Forest Engineering, 2014, 30(4): 12-17.
[18] 潘丽芹.台州绿心区典型森林群落的物种多样性[J]. 福建林业科技, 2015, 42(1): 67-72. DOI: 10.13428/j.cnki.fjlk.2015.01.014. PAN L Q. Species diversity of the typical forest community in Taizhou green heart[J]. Journal of Fujian Forestry Science and Technology, 2015, 42(1): 67-72.
[19] 宋慧慧,周春玲,刘志科,等.青岛市木本植物群落相似性研究[J]. 中国园林, 2014(10): 90-93. SONG H H, ZHOU C L, LIU Z K, et al. Qingdao, a similar study of woody plantcommunities[J]. Chinese Landscape Architectuer, 2014(10): 90-93.
[20] 曲仲湘,吴玉树,王焕校,等.植物生态学[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 1983:9-10. QU Z X, WU Y S, WANG H J, et al. Plant ecology[M]. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 1983: 9-10.
[21] 岳永杰,余新晓,牛丽丽,等.北京雾灵山植物群落结构及物种多样性特征[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2008, 30(S2): 165-167. DOI: 10.13332 / j.1000-1522.2008.s2.033. YUE Y J, YU X X, NIU L L, et al. Structural characteristics of plant communities and species diversity in Wuling Mountain, Beijing[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2008, 30(S2): 165-167.
[22] 张光富.黄山种子植物区系成分分析[J]. 武汉植物研究所, 2003, 21(5): 390-394. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0837.2003.05.003. ZHANG G F. Analysis of the floristic elements of seed plants in Huangshan Mountain[J]. Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research, 2003, 21(5): 390-394.
[23] 陈翠玉.柳州市东堤游园滨水绿地植物群落研究[J]. 安徽农业科学, 2011, 39(36): 22470-22472. DOI: 10.13989 / j.cnki. 0517-6611.2011.36.005. CHEN C Y. Study on the plant communities of waterfront green space in Liuzhou Dongdi Garden[J]. Journal of Anhui Agri, 2011, 39(36): 22470-22472.

相似文献/References:

[1]阮宏华,叶镜中,徐 侠.镇江市金山湖湖滨带植物群落恢复的设计[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(01):111.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.01.027]
 RUAN Hong-hua,YE Jingzhong,XU Xia.Restoration of plant community in degradation riparian zone of Jinshan Lake in Zhenjiang city[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2008,32(01):111.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.01.027]
[2]洪志猛.厦门城市公园植物群落的物种丰富度调查分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(02):051.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.013]
 HONG Zhi meng.Investigation on species abundances of plant communities at Xiamen city parks[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(01):051.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.013]
[3]王敏,周才平*.山地植物群落数量分类和排序研究进展[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011,35(04):126.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.04.026]
 WANG Min,ZHOU Caiping*.Research progress on quantitative classification and ordination of mountain plant communities[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2011,35(01):126.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.04.026]
[4]宫守飞,许剑辉,黄庆丰*.铜陵叶山常绿落叶阔叶林群落结构最小取样面积的抽取[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2012,36(02):091.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.02.019]
 GONG Shoufei,XU Jianhui,HUANG Qingfeng*.Study on the minimum sampling area of evergreen-deciduous broadleaf forest community structure in Tongling Yeshan mountain[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2012,36(01):091.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.02.019]
[5]张首军,何 斌.五鹿山自然保护区白皮松群落物种组成与群落结构[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2012,36(04):157.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.04.033]
 ZHANG Shoujun,HE Bin.The species composition and structural characteristics of Pinus bungeana community of Wulu Mountain nature reserve[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2012,36(01):157.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.04.033]
[6]王孝泓.上海绿地植物群落特征及优化对策[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2007,31(06):142.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.06.035]
 WANG Xiao-hong.Study on the Community Characteristics and Strategy Optimization of Green Area in Shanghai[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2007,31(01):142.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.06.035]
[7]陈义群,唐万鹏,许业洲,等.长江滩地造林对湖北草本植物群落物种多样性的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2004,28(03):089.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2004.03.023]
 CHEN Yi-qun~(),TANG Wan-peng~,XU Ye-zhou~,et al.The Analysis of the Effect of Afforestation on Herb Plant Community Species Diversity on Beach Land along Yangtzi River in Hubei Province[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2004,28(01):089.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2004.03.023]
[8]杨宝玲,张文文,范 换,等.苏北沿海地区不同土地利用类型下土壤动物群落结构特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(06):120.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201705034]
 YANG Baoling,ZHANG Wenwen,et al.Community structure of soil fauna under different land use types in the coastal area of Northern Jiangsu Province[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(01):120.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201705034]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:中央级科学事业单位修缮购置专项资金项目(2010001219); 环境保护部事业费项目(2039005); 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD) 第一作者:伊贤贵(yimutou@sohu.com),讲师,主要负责数据处理与文章组织。丁晖(nldinghui@sina.com),研究员,主要负责调查方案设计与数据采集。*通信作者:王贤荣(wangxianrong66@njfu.edu.cn),教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-03-30