[1]叶 波,张 玲,王国明.舟山海岛主要造林树种幼苗的光合特性[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(03):105-110.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201709036]
 YE Bo,ZHANG Ling,WANG Guoming.Photosynthetic characters of seedlings of plant species for afforestation in Zhoushan Island[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(03):105-110.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201709036]
点击复制

舟山海岛主要造林树种幼苗的光合特性
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
42
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
105-110
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Photosynthetic characters of seedlings of plant species for afforestation in Zhoushan Island
文章编号:
1000-2006(2018)03-0105-06
作者:
叶 波 张 玲 王国明
1.舟山市农林科学研究院,浙江 舟山 316000
Author(s):
YE BoZHANG LingWANG Guoming
1.Zhoushan Academic of Agriculture and Forestry,Zhoushan 316000, China
关键词:
造林树种 光合特性 耐阴性 光饱和点 光补偿点 植被恢复 舟山海岛
Keywords:
Keywords:afforestation species photosynthetic characters shade tolerance light saturation point light compensation point vegetative recovery process Zhoushan Island
分类号:
S718.4
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201709036
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】比较舟山海岛主要造林树种对光的适应性和耐阴性,探讨树种在海岛植被恢复过程中的配置依据。【方法】使用Li-6400便携式光合仪对普陀樟(Cinnamomum japonicum var. chenii)、舟山新木姜子(Neolitsea sericea)、红楠(Machilus thunbergii)、全缘冬青(Ilex integra)、滨柃(Eurya emarginata)、柃木(Eurya japonica)和厚叶石斑木(Raphiolepis umbellate)等7个树种幼苗叶片的光合日进程、光响应过程等进行测定,并对其光合特性和耐阴性进行比较分析。【结果】红楠净光合速率(Pn)日变化趋势呈双峰型,其他6个树种呈现单峰型,厚叶石斑木Pn显著高于其他树种(P<0.5),普陀樟Pn显著低于其他树种(P<0.5); 7个树种的气孔导度(Gs)与蒸腾速率(Tr)日变化趋势与Pn变化趋势相似,胞间CO2浓度(Ci)日变化趋势与Pn变化趋势相反; 在光响应过程测定中,7个树种的Pn都随着光合有效辐射(PAR)的增强而增大,达到一定值后不同树种间的表现略有不同; 滨柃的光饱和点(LSP)最高,厚叶石斑木光补偿点(LCP)最高,普陀樟的光饱和点和光补偿点都最低; 对光饱和点和光补偿点进行聚类分析表明,滨柃属于强阳性树种,厚叶石斑木、全缘冬青、柃木、舟山新木姜子为阳性树种; 红楠、普陀樟为耐阴性树种。【结论】在舟山海岛植被恢复过程中,滨柃、厚叶石斑木应配置在全光环境下,全缘冬青、柃木应配置在疏林或灌丛下,红楠、普陀樟、舟山新木姜子应配置在弱光环境中。
Abstract:
Abstract: 【Objective】Compare the light adaptation and shade tolerance of plant species for afforestation on Zhoushan Island, Zhejiang Province, to provide development bases for plant species in the island vegetative recovery process. 【Methods】The diurnal changes of photosynthesis and light response characteristics for Cinnamomum japonicum var. chenii, Neolitsea sericea, Machilus thunbergii, Ilex integra, Eurya emarginata, Eurya japonica, and Rhaphiolepis umbellata were measured using the Li-6400 portable photosynthesis system. Then, the photosynthetic characters and shade tolerance of seven plant species were compared. 【Results】The diurnal changes in net photosynthetic rate(Pn)of M. thunbergii presented a double-peak curve pattern, others presented a single-peak curve pattern. Pn of R. umbellate was significantly higher and the Pn of C. japonicum was significantly lower than that of the others. The diurnal changes in stomatal conductance(Gs)and transpiration rate(Tr)of the seven species was similar to the diurnal changes in Pn, and the diurnal changes in intercellular CO2 concentration(Ci)was opposite to that of Pn. In the light-photosynthetic response determination, Pn of the seven species increased with enhanced photosynthetically active radiation, and when it reached a certain threshold varied among the seven species. E. emarginata had the highest light saturation point(LSP), and R. umbellate had the highest light compensation point(LCP), whereas C. japonicum had the lowest LSP and LCP. The cluster analysis for LSP and LCP showed that E. emarginata belonged to the strong positive species, R. umbellate, I. integra, E. japonica and N. sericea were positive species. The remaining three species were classified as shade-tolerant tree species. 【Conclusion】Our results indicated that E. emarginata and R. umbellate should be configured in full-light environments on the island during the vegetative recovery process. I. integra and E. japonica should be placed under the open forest or in thickets, whereas the other three species should be in a weak-light environment.

参考文献/References:

[1] 郁庆君,王国明,赵颖,等. 海岛困难立地抗旱措施对不同树种生长的影响[J].浙江林业科技,2013,33(2):34-38. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2013.02.008. YU Q J,WANG G M,ZHAO Y,et al. Effect of drought-resistant treatments on growth of different tree species in difficult sites of Island[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology, 2013, 33(2): 34-38.
[2] 庄孔造,余兴光,朱嘉. 国内外海岛生态修复研究综述及启示[J].海洋开发与管理,2010,27(11):29-35. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-9857.2010.11.008. ZHUANG K Z,YU X G,ZHU J. Research summary and implication of island ecological restoration at home and abroad[J]. Ocean Development and Management, 2010, 27(11): 29-35.
[3] 任海,李萍,周厚诚,等. 海岛退化生态系统的恢复[J].生态科学,2001,20(1):60-64. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-8873.2001.01.012. REN H,LI P,ZHOU H C,et al. Restoration of degraded ecosystem on the Island[J]. Ecologic Science, 2001, 20(1): 60-64.
[4] 俞慈英,陈叶平,袁燕飞,等. 舟山海岛普陀樟等3种特有树种种质资源清查[J].浙江林学院学报,2007,24(4):413-418. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0756.2007.04.006. YU C Y,CHEN Y P,YUAN Y F,et al. Germplasm resource inventory of Cinnamomum japonicum var.chenii and other two endemic species in Zhoushan Island[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 2007, 24(4): 413-418.
[5] 王国明,徐斌芬,王美琴,等. 舟山海岛野生观赏植物的应用[J].浙江林学院学报,2005,22(1):46-49.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0756.2005.01.010. WANG G M,XU B F,WANG M Q,et al. Application of the wild ornamental plants in Zhoushan Archipelago[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 2005, 22(1): 46-49.
[6] 李树华,许兴,何军,等. 水分胁迫对牛心朴子光合生理特性影响的研究[J].西北植物学报,2004,24(1):100-104. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4025.2004.01.017. LI S H,XU X,HE J,et al. Study on photosynthetic physiology characteristic of Cynanchum komarovii under water stress[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2004, 24(1): 100-104.
[7] TUITTILA E S, VASANDER H, LAINE J. Sensitivity of C sequestration in reintroduced Sphagnum to water-level variation in a Cutaway peatland[J]. Restoration Ecology, 2004, 12: 483-493. DOI: 10.1111/j.1061-2971.2004.00280.x.
[8] WANG M C, WANG J X, SHI Q H, et al. Photosynthesis and water use efficiency of Platycladus orientalis and Robinia pseudoacacia saplings under steady soil water stress during different stages of their annual growth period[J]. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 2007, 49(10): 1470-1477. DOI: 10.1111/j.1672-9072.2007.00561.x.
[9] 黄敏参,杜晓娜,廖蒙蒙,等. 东南沿海潮间带防护林主要树种的光合特性及水分利用策略[J].生态学杂志,2012,31(12):2996-3002. DOI: 10.13292/j.1000-4890.2012.0396. HUANG M S,DU X N,LIAO M M,et al. Photosynthetic characteristics and water use strategies of coastal shelterbelt plant species in Southeast China[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2012, 31(12): 2996-3002.
[10] 吴统贵,周和锋,吴明,等. 旱柳光合作用动态及其与环境因子的关系[J].生态学杂志,2008,27(12):2056-2061. DOI: 10.13292/j.1000-4890.2008.0046. WU T G,ZHOU H F,WU M,et al. Dynamics of Salix matsudana photosynthesis and its relations to environmental factors[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2008, 27(12): 2056-2061.
[11] 丁俊祥,邹杰,唐立松,等. 克里雅河流域荒漠-绿洲交错带3种不同生活型植物的光合特性[J].生态学报,2015,35(3):1-13. DOI: 10.5846/stxb201310302623. DING J X,ZOU J,TANG L S,et al. Photosynthetic characteristics of three different life-form plants in the desert-oasis ecotone of Keriya River Basin[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2015, 35(3): 1-13.
[12] 姜霞,张喜,丁海兵. 黔中10个树种苗期水分利用效率及光合特性的差异性研究[J].西部林业科学,2013,42(5):75-81. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-8246.2013.05.013. JIANG X,ZHANG X,DING H B. Difference of seeding photosynthetic characteristics and water use efficiency of ten tree species in Central Area of Guizhou[J]. Journal of West China Forestry Science, 2013, 42(5): 75-81.
[13] 应叶青,吴家胜,戴文圣,等. 柃木苗期光合特性研究[J].浙江林学院学报,2004,21(4):366-370. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0756.2004.04.002. YING Y Q,WU J S,DAI W S,et al. Photosynthetic characteristics of Eurya japonica seedling[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 2004, 21(4): 366-370.
[14] SHARKEY T D, BERNACCHI C J, FARQUHAR G D, et al. Fitting photosynthetic carbon dioxide response curves for C3 leaves[J]. Plant,Cell & Environment, 2007, 30(9): 1035-1040. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2007.01710.x.
[15] 叶子飘. 光合作用对光和CO2响应模型的研究进展[J].植物生态学报,2010,34(6):727-740. DOI: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2010.06.012. YE Z P.A review on modeling of responses of photosynthesis to light and CO2[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2010, 34(6): 727-740.
[16] 吴中军,张冬东. 榕树光合特性的研究[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2014,36(4):8-13. DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2014.04.002. WU Z J,ZHANG D D. Photosynthetic characteristics of Ficus microcarpa[J].Journal of Southwest University(Natural Science Edition), 2014, 36(4): 8-13.
[17] 马志波,马钦彦,韩海荣,等. 北京地区6种落叶阔叶树光合特性的研究[J].北京林业大学学报,2004,26(3):13-18. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-1522.2004.03.003. MA Z B,MA Q Y,HAN H R,et al. Photosynthetic characteristics of six broad-leaved deciduous trees in Beijing[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2004, 26(3): 13-18.
[18] 梁冬,毛建丰,赵伟,等. 高山松及其亲本种群在油松生境下的苗期性状[J].植物生态学报,2013,37(2):150-163. DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2013.00016. LIANG D,MAO J F,ZHAO W,et al. Seedling performance of Pinus densata and its parental population in the habitat of P. tabuliformis[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2013, 37(2): 150-163.
[19] 李六林,杨佩芳,田彩芳. 树莓光合特性的研究[J].园艺学报,2003,30(3):314-316. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:0513-353X.2003.03.015. LI L L,YANG P F,TIAN C F. Studies on photosynthetic characteristics of Rubus strigosus[J]. Acta Horticulturae Sinica, 2003, 30(3): 314-316.
[20] 韩瑞锋,李建明,胡晓辉,等. 甜瓜幼苗叶片光合变化特性[J]. 生态学报,2012,32(5):1471-1480. DOI: 10.5846/stxb201101190103. HAN R F,LI J M,HU X H,et al. Research on dynamic characteristics of photosynthesis in muskmelon seedling leaves[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012, 32(5): 1471-1480.
[21] 李元跃,林鹏. 三种红树植物叶片的比较解剖学研究[J].热带亚热带植物学报,2006,14(4):301-306. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-3395.2006.04.006. LI Y Y,LIN P. Anatomical Characteristics of leaves in three mangrove species[J]. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 2006, 14(4): 301-306.
[22] FARQUHAR G D, SHARKEY T D. Stomatal conductance and photosynthesis[J]. Ann Rev Plant Physiol, 1982, 33: 317-345.
[23] 任军辉,张葳蕤,杜承星,等. 5种常见盆栽植物的光合生理特性研究[J].林业调查规划,2014,39(1):19-23. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-3168.2014.02.005. REN J H,ZHANG W R,DU C X,et al. Photosynthetic physiological characteristics of five common pot plants[J]. Forest Inventory and Planning, 2014, 39(1): 19-23.
[24] 梁春,林植芳,孔国辉. 不同光强下生长的亚热带树苗的光合-光响应特性的比较[J].应用生态学报,1997,8(1):7-11. DOI: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.1997.0002. LIANG C,LIN Z F,KONG G H. Photosynthesis-light response characteristics of subtropical tree species seedlings under different irradiances[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 1997, 8(1): 7-11.
[25] 刘欣欣,张明如,温国胜,等. 浙江省常见15个树种的光合特性[J].浙江农林大学学报,2012,29(2):173-179. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0756.2012.02.004. LIU X X,ZHANG M R,WEN G S,et al. Photosynthetic characteristics for fifteen potted seedlings common to Zhejiang Province[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A & F University, 2012,29(2): 173-179.

相似文献/References:

[1]李金鹏,赵和祥,董 然*,等.光照强度对两种彩叶玉簪生长及光合特性的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2012,36(04):057.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.04.011]
 LI Jinpeng,ZHAO Hexiang,DONG Ran*,et al.The effect of different light intensity on the growth and photosynthesis characteristics of two kinds of colorful Hosta[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2012,36(03):057.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.04.011]
[2]张会慧,张秀丽,胡彦波,等.中碱钠盐胁迫对桑树幼苗生长及光合特性的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2013,37(01):055.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.01.009]
 ZHANG Huihui,ZHANG Xiuli,HU Yanbo,et al.Effects of NaCl and Na2CO3 stresses on growth and photosynthetic characteristics characteristics of mulberry seedlings[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2013,37(03):055.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.01.009]
[3]左继林,龚 春,黄建建,等.夏旱期不同管理措施下高产油茶的光合特性[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2013,37(02):033.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.02.006]
 ZUO Jilin,GONG Chun,HUANG Jianjian,et al.Photosynthetic characteristics of high yield Camellia oleifera during summer drought period under different treatment[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2013,37(03):033.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.02.006]
[4]陈永亮,刘明河,李修岭.不同形态氮素配比对红松幼苗光合特性的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(03):077.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.03.020]
 CHEN Yong-liang,LIU Ming-he,LI Xiu-ling.Effects of Different Nitrogen Forms and Ratios on the Photosynthetic Characteristics of Pinus koraiensis Seedlings[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2005,29(03):077.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.03.020]
[5]景茂,曹福亮*,汪贵斌,等.土壤7J~分含量对银杏光合特性的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(04):083.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.04.020]
 JING MAO,CAO Fu-liang*,WANGGui-bin,et al.The Effects of Soil Water Contents on Photosynthetic Characteristics of Ginkgo[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2005,29(03):083.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.04.020]
[6]朱万泽,吴永波,薛建辉.贡嘎山地区黄背栎的光合特性[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2006,30(01):025.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.01.006]
 ZHU Wan-ze,WU Yong-bo,XUE Jian-hui.Photosynthetic Characteristics of Quercus pannosa in Gongga Mountain Region[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2006,30(03):025.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.01.006]
[7]张露,郭联华,杜天真,等.遮荫和土壤水分对毛红椿幼苗光合特性的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2006,30(05):063.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.05.015]
 ZHANG Lu,GUO Lian-hua,DU Tian-zhen,et al.The Effects of Shading and Soil Water Content on Photosynthesis of Toona ciliata var. pubescens Seedlings[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2006,30(03):063.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2006.05.015]
[8]童方平,方伟,马履一,等.水分胁迫下湿地松优良半同胞家系的光合特性响应研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2007,31(02):032.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.02.008]
 TONG Fang-ping,FANG Wei,MA Lij-yi,et al.Study on Response to Photosynthetic Characters of Slash Pine’s Half-sib Under Water Stress[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2007,31(03):032.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2007.02.008]
[9]李昆,崔永忠,张春华.金沙江干热河谷退耕还林区造林树种的育苗技术[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2003,27(06):089.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2003.06.022]
 LI Kun,CUI Yong zhong,ZHANG Chun hua.A Study on Seedling Cultivation Technique in Reforesting District of Hot and Arid Valley of Jinsha River[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2003,27(03):089.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2003.06.022]
[10]孙 龙,彭祚登*,王 冲,等.干旱胁迫对两种沙地灌木能源树种光合特性的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2014,38(02):099.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.02.019]
 SUN Long,PENG Zuodeng*,WANG Chong,et al.Effect of drought stress on photosynthetic characteristics of two energy resource sandy shrubs[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2014,38(03):099.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.02.019]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:浙江省森林生态科技创新团队项目(2011R50027); 舟山市公益类科技项目(2015C31023) 第一作者:叶波(315540925@qq.com),工程师。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-06-06