[1]张景路,张绘芳*,地力夏提·包尔汉,等.基于Landsat数字影像的阿尔泰山乔木林空间分布[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(04):153-158.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201802011]
 ZHANG Jinglu,ZHANG Huifang*,DILIXIATI·Baoerhan,et al.Spatial distribution of arbor forests in Altay Mountains based on Landsat date[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(04):153-158.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201802011]
点击复制

基于Landsat数字影像的阿尔泰山乔木林空间分布
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
42
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
153-158
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-07-12

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatial distribution of arbor forests in Altay Mountains based on Landsat date
文章编号:
1000-2006(2018)04-0153-06
作者:
张景路张绘芳*地力夏提·包尔汉朱雅丽雷亚君
新疆林业科学院现代林业研究所,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000
Author(s):
ZHANG Jinglu ZHANG Huifang* DILIXIATI·Baoerhan ZHU Yali LEI Yajun
Modern Forestry Research Institute of Xinjiang Academy of Forestry,Urumqi 830000,China
关键词:
乔木林 空间分布规律 地形因子 3S技术
Keywords:
Keywords:arbor forests spatial distribution topographic factors 3S technology
分类号:
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201802011
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】以新疆阿勒泰林场乔木林为研究对象,通过遥感与地理信息技术量化分析森林的空间分布规律,为定量评估森林的生态功能提供数据基础和支撑。【方法】运用3S技术,基于DEM数据、Landsat数据和森林资源调查数据,定量分析乔木林与地形因子的空间关系。 【结果】地形因子与乔木林的空间分布在0.01水平上显著相关。研究区乔木林90%分布在海拔≥1 500~2 400 m,其中在海拔≥1 800~2 100 m分布频率最大,达39%; 其次是≥2 100~2 400 m,为27%; 海拔≥900~1 200 m和≥2 400~2 700区域林地乔木林分布较小。78%的乔木林分布在北坡、东北坡、西北坡,其中,在北坡的比例达到45%,在东北坡、西北坡的比例为33%。在坡度上主要集中于斜坡、陡坡、急坡,占比达到85%,其中在陡坡分布频率最大,达到37%。【结论】海拔、坡向和坡度是影响乔木林空间分布的主要生态因子。阿尔泰山乔木林适宜生长在海拔≥1 500~2 400 m,坡向为北坡、东北坡、西北坡,坡度涵盖斜坡、陡坡、急坡的区域。
Abstract:
Abstract: 【Objective】The spatial distribution of forests in Altay Forest Farm were quantified by Remote Sensing and GIS methods, to provide foundation and support data for quantitatively assessing the ecological functions of forests. 【Method】DEM, Landsat, meteorological data and field investigation of forest resources were used to analyze the spatial relationships between arbor forests and topographic factors by 3S technology. 【Result】The topographic factors are significantly correlated with the spatial distribution of arbor forests at the 0.01 significance level. Just over 90% of arbor forests are distributed at an altitude of ≥1 500-2 400 m, among them, 39% of arbor forests are distributed at an altitude of ≥1 800-2 100 m, 27% of arbor forests are distributed at an altitude of ≥2 100-2 400 m, there are very few arbor forests are distributed at an altitude of ≥900-1 220 m and ≥2 400-2 700 m; the suitable areas for woodland growth are the north, northeast, and northwest slopes, as 78% of arbor forests are distributed among these areas, and 45% of arbor forests are distributed in north slope, 33% of arbor forests are distributed in northeast, and northwest slopes; 85% of arbor forests are mainly distributed throughout slopes, steep slopes and acute slopes, and the largest distribution index is in steep slopes, up to 37%.【Conclusion】The main ecological factors that affect the spatial distribution of arbor forest are altitude, aspect and slope. The suitable area for the growth of arbor forests in the Altay Mountains is at the intersection of elevation(≥1 500-2 400 m), aspect(north, northeast and northwest slopes), and slope(throughout, steep and acute slopes).

参考文献/References:

[1] 李虎,吕巡贤,陈蜀疆,等.新疆森林资源动态分析——基于RS与GIS的森林资源动态研究[J].地理学报, 2003,58(1):133-138. LI H, LV X X, CHEN S J, et al. Dynamic analysis and evaluation of Xinjiang forest resources:based on remote sensing and GIS[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2003,58(1):133-138.
[2] 赵传燕,别强,彭焕华.祁连山北坡青海云杉林生境特征分析[J].地理学报,2010, 65(1): 113- 121. ZHAO C Y, BIE Q, PENG H H. Analysis of the niche space of Picea crassifolia on the northern slope of Qilian Mountains[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences,2010, 65(1): 113- 121.
[3] 朱雅丽,张绘芳,高亚琪,等.新疆西伯利亚落叶松含碳系数分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(3):198-202. DOI: 10.3969 / j.issn.1000-2006.201603032 ZHU Y L, ZHANG H F, GAO Y Q, et al. Analysis on carbon content factors of Larix sibirica Ledeb. in Xinjiang[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2017,41(3):198-202.
[4] 张毓涛,李吉玫,常顺利,等. 天山中部天山云杉种群空间分布格局及其与地形因子的关系[J]. 应用生态学报, 2011, 22(11): 2799-2806. DOI:10.13287/j.1001-9332.2011.0395 ZHANG Y T, LI J M, CHANG S L, et al. Spatial distribution pattern of Picea schrenkiana var. tianshanica population and its relation-ships with topographic factors in middle part of Tianshan Mountain[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2011, 22(11): 2799-2806.
[5] 李荣,罗惠文,宋于洋,等.天山北坡天山云杉的种群结构特征和空间分布格局[J].干旱区资源与环境,2013,27(1):91-96. LI R, LUO H W, SONG Y Y, et al. Structure characteristics and spatial distribution of Picea schrenkiana var. tianshanica population on the northern slopes of the Tianshan Mountain[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment,2013,27(1):91-96.
[6] 刘贵峰,臧润国,张新平,等.不同经度天山云杉林分因子随海拔梯度的变化[J].林业科学,2009,45(8):9-13. LIU G F, ZANG R G, ZHANG X P, et al. Stand factors of Picea schrenkiana var. tianschanica along the altitudinal gradient in different longitudes[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2009,45(8):9-13.
[7] 张慧文,马剑英,孙伟,等.不同海拔天山云杉叶功能性状及其与土壤因子的关系[J].生态学报,2010,30(21):5747-5758. ZHANG H W, MA J Y, SUN W, et al. Altitudinal variation in functional traits of Picea schrenkiana var. tianschanica and their relationship to soil factors in Tianshan Mountains, Northwest China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2010,30(21):5747-5758.
[8] 常禹,布仁仓,胡远满,等.利用GIS和RS确定长白山自然保护区森林景观分布的环境范围[J].应用生态学报,2003,14(5):671-675. CHANG Y, BU R C, HU Y M, et al. GIS and RS determination of abiotic range of forest landscape distribution in Changbai Mountain Natural Reserve[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2003,14(5):671-675.
[9] 胥晓,苏智先.利用斑块信息研究冶勒的红豆杉种群分布格局与坡度的关系[J].云南植物研究,2005,27(2):137-143. XU X, SU Z X. A study on relationship between the distribution pattern of Taxus chinensis population in yele and the slope based on patches information[J]. Acta Botanica Yunnanica,2005,27(2):137-143.
[10] 曾宏达,陈光水,杨玉盛.基于DEM森林空间分布研究[J].国土与自然资源研究,2005(3):85-87. ZENG H D, CHEN G S, YANG Y S. Analysis on forest spatial distribution based on DEM[J]. Territory & Natural Resources Study, 2005(3):85-87.
[11] 曾宏达.基于DEM和地统计的森林资源空间分布格局分析——以武夷山山区为例[J].地球信息科学,2005,7(2):82-88. ZENG H D. Application of digital terrain information and geostatistics to forest spatial pattern analysis—a case on Wuyi Mt. Area[J]. Geo-information Science, 2005,7(2):82-88.
[12] 铁玲,杨燕琼,勾啸,等.基于RS、GIS的林分龄组分析[J].广东林业科技,2005,21(2):26-29. TIE L, YANG Y Q, GOU X, et al. Study on stand age class based on RS & GIS[J]. Guang Dong Forestry Science and Tecnology,2005,21(2):26-29.
[13] 封志明,刘晓娜,姜鲁光,等.中老缅交界地区橡胶种植的时空格局及其地形因素分析[J].地理学报,2013,68(10):1432-1466. DOI:10.11821/dlxb201310012. FENG Z M, LIU X N, JIANG L G, et al. Spatial-temporal analysis of rubber plantation and its relationship with topographical factors in the border region of China, Laos and Myanmar[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences,2013,68(10):1432-1466.
[14] TSEGAYE T,BERHAN D G,BEN Z,et al. Satellite-based hybrid drought monitoring tool for prediction of vegetation condition in Eastern Africa: a case study for Ethiopia[J]. Water Resources Research, 2014, 50(3): 2176-2190. DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014281.
[15] 张绘芳,地力夏提·包尔汉,朱雅丽,等.新疆疣枝桦与欧洲山杨生物量分配与异速生长模型分析[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(5):33-38. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.05.07. ZHANG H F, DILIXIATI B R H, ZHU Y L, et al. Biomass allocation patterns and allometric models of Betula pendula and Populus tramula in Xinjiang[J].Journal of Northwest Forestry University, 2017,32(5):33-38.
[16] 张绘芳,朱雅丽,地力夏提·包尔汉,等. 阿尔泰山林区云杉和落叶松生物量格局分配研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(1):203-208. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.01.032. ZHANG H F, ZHU Y L, DILIXIATI B R H, et al. Biomass allocation patterns of Picea obovata and Larix sibirica in the Altai Mountains forest area[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2017, 41(1):203-208.
[17] 丁程锋,张绘芳,高亚琪,等. 乌鲁木齐河流域天山云杉林空间分布格局分析——基于GIS 技术的应用[J].干旱区资源与环境,2016,3(9):190-195. DOI:10.13448/j.cnki.jalre.2016.305. DING C F, ZHANG H F, GAO Y Q, et al. The spatial distribution pattern of Picea schrenkianav var. tianschanica at Urumqi River Basin: Based on the application of GIS technology[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2016,3(9):190-195.
[18] 沈泽昊,张新时.三峡大老岭地区森林植被的空间格局分析及其地形解释[J].植物学报,2000,42(10):1089-1095. SHEN Z H, ZHANG X S. The spatial pattern and topographic interpretation of the forest vegetation at Dalaoling region in the Three Gorges[J].Bulletin of Botany, 2000,42(10):1089-1095.
[19] 许炯心.黄土高原植被-降水关系的临界现象及其在植被建设中的意义[J]. 生态学报,2005,25(6): 1233-1239. XU J X. Threholds in vegetation-precipitation relationship and the implications in restoration of vegetation on the Loesee Plateau, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2005,25(6): 1233-1239.
[20] 司建华,冯起,张小由,等.荒漠河岸林胡杨和柽柳群落小气候特征研究[J]. 中国沙漠,2005,25(5): 668-674. SI J H, FENG Q, ZHANG X Y, et al. Features of microclimate in Populus euphratica and Tamarix ramosissima communities in desert riparian forest[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2005,25(5): 668-674.
[21] 李江风.从年轮变化论山区森林更新布局问题[J].新疆气象,1986(5):2-7. LI J F.Discussion on the layout of mountain forest regeneration from the perspective of growth rings [J]. Bimonthly of Xinjiang Meteorology, 1986(5):2-7.
[22] 张清,任茹,赵亮.东北地区森林的空间分布格局及影响因素[J].东北林业大学学报,2013,41(2):25-28. DOI:10.13759/j.cnki.dlxb.2013.02.024 ZHANG Q, REN R, ZHAO L. Forest spatial distribution and influencing factors in Northeast China[J].Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2013,41(2):25-28.
[23] 贾翔,黄铁成,梁燕,等.新疆阿尔泰山圆叶桦空间分布对温度变化的响应[J].冰川冻土,2016,38(5):1411-1416. DOI:10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2016.0165. JIANG X, HUANG T C, LIANG Y, et al. Response of spatial distribution of Betula rotundifolia to temperature change in the Altai Mountains, Xinjiang[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2016,38(5):1411-1416.
[24] 张毓涛,常顺利,王智,等.乌鲁木齐河水源林地生态功能区划研究[J].林业资源管理,2012(1):75-80. DOI:10.13466/j.cnki.lyzygl.2012.01.020. ZHANG Y T, CHANG S L, WANG Z, et al. Research on eco-functional regionalization in water conservation forest region of Urumqi river[J]. Forest Resources Management, 2012(1):75-80.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:新疆科技厅公益性科研经费资助项目(KY2018054) 第一作者:张景路(867591948@qq.com)。*通信作者:张绘芳(396930128@qq.com),副研究员。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-07-27