[1]刘国华,方 正,郑 笑,等.全国14个竹产区毛竹竹炭理化性质分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(06):013-19.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201706060]
 LIU Guohua,FANG Zheng,ZHENG Xiao,et al.The characteristics of bamboo charcoal pyrolyzed from moso bamboo culms in 14 bamboo producing areas in China[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(06):013-19.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201706060]
点击复制

全国14个竹产区毛竹竹炭理化性质分析
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
42
期数:
2018年06期
页码:
013-19
栏目:
专题报道
出版日期:
2018-12-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
The characteristics of bamboo charcoal pyrolyzed from moso bamboo culms in 14 bamboo producing areas in China
作者:
刘国华1方 正1郑 笑1范婷婷1高佳伟1王福升1张金池2*
(1.南京林业大学竹类研究所,江苏 南京 210037; 2.南京林业大学林学院,江苏 南京 210037)
Author(s):
LIU Guohua1 FANG Zheng1 ZHENG Xiao1FAN Tingting1GAO Jiawei1 WANG Fusheng1ZHANG Jinchi2*
(1. Bamboo Research Institute, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China; 2. College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China)
关键词:
毛竹 竹炭 理化性质 竹产区 分类经营
Keywords:
Phyllostachys pubescens bamboo charcoal physicochemical properties bamboo producing areas classified management
分类号:
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201706060
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】分析相同制备条件下不同竹产区毛竹竹炭的性能,为全国竹产区毛竹林的分类经营及利用提供理论依据。【方法】在500 ℃条件下用管式炉对全国14个竹产区的毛竹竹秆热解,对比分析不同竹产区竹炭的部分理化性质。【结果】在500 ℃热裂解温度下全国14个竹产区毛竹竹炭得率为18.45%~30.43%、 pH为7.2~7.9、比表面积变化范围为4.48~73.5 m2/g; 不同地区毛竹竹炭中各元素含量都以碳为主,质量分数为70.93%~77.55%,碳氮比(C/N)为72.31~185.18; 14个竹产区竹炭表面基团种类大致相同,且在500 ℃热裂解温度下各竹产区竹炭维持了原始的管状空心结构,但孔隙结构发达程度各地区间差异较大。【结论】全国14个竹产区中贵州赤水地区毛竹烧制竹炭得率最高,浙江安吉地区竹炭滤液pH最高,福建武夷山地区竹炭比表面积最大,湖南东安地区竹炭碳氮比(C/N)最高,广西兴安地区竹炭元素种类最为丰富,包含了此次检测的所有元素种类(C、O、Na、Mg、Si、P、S、Cl、K、Ca、Mn、Cu、Zn、Fe)。在今后竹炭产业的发展过程中,有必要建立各竹产区竹炭理化性质参数数据库,在竹炭产业链延伸过程中,根据各地区竹炭的理化性质加以区别利用。
Abstract:
【Objective】The characteristics of bamboo charcoal in different bamboo producing areas under the same pyro-lysis conditions were analyzed, which provided a theoretical basis for the classification management and utilization of moso bamboo forest. 【Method】The pyrolysis of moso bamboo stalks in 14 bamboo producing areas in China was carried out at 500 °C in tubular furnace, and the characteristics of bamboo charcoal were analyzed. 【Result】 The yield of bamboo charcoal in different bamboo producing areas of China was between 18.45%-30.43%, the pH was between 7.2-7.9, and the specific surface area varied from 4.48 to 73.5 m2/g. The mass ratio of element in bamboo charcoal was mainly carbon, which was between 70.93%-77.55%, and the C/N ratio was between 72.31-185.18. The types of surface functional groups of bamboo charcoal from different bamboo producing areas were almost the same, and the bamboo charcoal in different bamboo producing areas maintained the original tubular hollow structure, but the extent of pore structure development was quite different. 【Conclusion】 The yield of bamboo charcoal in Chishui area of Guizhou Province was the biggest. The pH of bamboo charcoal filtrate in Anji area of Zhejiang Province was the highest. The specific surface area of bamboo charcoal in Wuyishan area of Fujian Province was the biggest. The C/N ratio of bamboo charcoal in Dongan area of Hunan Province was the biggest. The element types of bamboo charcoal in Xing’an area of Guangxi Province was the most abundant, which included all the types of tested elements(C, O, Na, Mg, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Mn, Cu, Zn, Fe).Therefore, in the future development of the bamboo charcoal industry, it is necessary to establish a database of physical and chemical properties of bamboo charcoal in each bamboo producing area. In the process of extending the bamboo charcoal industrial chain, the bamboo charcoal should be differentiated and utilized according to the physical and chemical properties.

参考文献/References:


[1] SHRESTHA G, TRAINA S J, SWANSTON C W. Black carbon’s properties and role in the environment: a comprehensive review [J]. Sustainability, 2010, 2:294-320.
[2] 何绪生,耿增超,佘雕,等.生物炭生产与农用的意义及国内外动态[J].农业工程学报,2011,27(2):1-7. DOI:10.3969/j.issn. 1002-6819.2011.02.001.
HE X S,GENG Z C,SHE D,et al.Implications of production and agricultural utilization of biochar and its international dynamic[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2011,27(2):1-7.
[3] 丛宏斌,赵立欣,姚宗路,等. 我国生物质炭化技术装备研究现状与发展建议[J]. 中国农业大学学报,2015,20(2):21-26. DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2015.02.03.
CONG H B, ZHAO L X, YAO Z L, et al. Research status of biomass carbonization technical equipment and proposals for its development in China[J]. Journal of China Agriculturel University, 2015, 20(2):21-26.
[4] 章明奎,王浩,郑顺安,等.土壤中黑碳的表面化学性质及其变化研究[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版),2009, 35(3):278-284. DOI: 10.3785/j.issn.1008-9209.2009.03.008
ZHANG M K, WANG H, ZHENG S A, et al. Preliminary study of surface chemical properties and transform of black carbon in soils [J]. Journal of Zhejiang University(Agriculture & Life Sciences), 2009, 35(3): 278-284.
[5] 张文玲,李桂花,高卫东. 生物质炭对土壤性状和作物产量的影响[J]. 中国农学通报, 2009, 25(17): 153-157.
ZHANG W L, LI G H, GAO W D. Effects of biomass charcoal on soil character and crop yield [J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2009, 25(17): 153-157.
[6] 肖婧,徐虎,蔡岸冬,等. 生物质炭特性及施用管理措施对作物产量影响的整合分析[J]. 中国农业科学, 2017,50(10):1827-1837. DOI: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2017.10.008.
XIAO J, XU H, CAI A D, et al. A meta-analysis of effects of biochar properties and management practices on crop yield [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2017,50(10):1827-1837.
[7] 刘玉学,刘微,吴伟祥,等. 土壤生物质炭环境行为与环境效应[J]. 应用生态学报, 2009, 20(4): 977-982. DOI: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.2009.0124
LIU Y X, LIU W, WU W X,et al. Environmental behavior and effect of biomass-derived black carbon in soil [J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2009, 20(4): 977-982.
[8] 李力,刘娅,陆宇超,等. 生物炭的环境效应及其应用的研究进展[J]. 环境化学, 2011, 30(8): 1411-1421.
LI L, LIU Y, LU Y C,et al. Review on environmental effects and applications of biochar [J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2011, 30(8):1411-1421.
[9] 潘根兴,张阿凤,邹建文,等. 农业废弃物生物黑炭转化还田作为低碳农业途径的探讨[J]. 生态与农村环境学报, 2010, 26(4):394-400. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-4831.2010.04.021.
PAN G X, ZHANG A F, ZOU J W, et al. Biochar from agro-byproducts used as amendment to croplands: an option for low carbon agriculture [J].Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 2010, 26(4): 394-400.
[10] 杨丽,刘洪波,张东升,等.竹炭微观结构的电子显微学研究[J].电子显微学报, 2011,30(2):137-142. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6281.2011.02.009.
YANG L, LIU H B, ZHANG D S, et al. Electron microscopy study on microstructure of bamboo charcoal [J]. Journal of Chinese Electron Microscopy Society, 2011,30(2):137-142.
[11] 周建斌.竹炭环境效应及作用机理的研究[D].南京: 南京林业大学,2005.
ZHOU J B. Study on the mechanism of action and in environmental protection [D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Forestry University, 2005.
[12] 张文标,陈斌,王伟龙,等.雷竹炭理化性质及Hg2+吸附性能测定[J]. 浙江林业科技, 2009,29(2): 33-37. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2009.02.008.
ZHANG W B, CHEN B, WANG W L, et al. Physio-chemical properties of Phyllostachys praecox cv. prevernalis charcoal and determination of Hg2+ absorption[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology, 2009,29(2): 33-37.
[13] 吴光前,孙新元,钟丽云,等.硝酸改性竹炭理化性质变化的研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2012,36(2):15-21. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2012.02.004
WU G Q,SUN X Y,ZHONG L Y,et al. Study on the characteristics of bamboo charcoal modified with nitric acid [J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University( Natural Sciences Edition), 2012,36(2):15-21
[14] 张莉莉,江婷,苑金鹏,等. 竹炭的性能和应用研究进展[J].科技导报,2010,28(16):113-117.
ZHANG L L, JIANG T, YUAN J P, et al. Bamboo charcoal’s properties and applications [J]. Science & Technology Review, 2010,28(16):113-117.
[15] HUFF M D, KUMAR S, LEE J W. Comparative analysis of pinewood, peanut shell, and bamboo biomass derived biochars produced via hydrothermal conversion and pyrolysis[J]. Journal of Environmental Management, 2014, 146: 303-308. DOI: org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.07.016.
[16] ZHANG G X, ZHANG Q, SUN K,et al. Sorption of simazine to corn straw biochars prepared at different pyrolytic temperatures [J]. Environmental Pollution, 2011,159:2594-2601. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2011.06.012
[17] BALWANT S, BHUPINDER P S, ANNETTE L. Characterization and evaluation of biochars for their application as a soil amendment [J].Australian Journal of Soil Research, 2010, 48:516-525.
[18] CANTRELL K B, HUNT G P, UCHIMIVA M,et al. Impact of pyrolysis temperature and manure source on physicochemical characteristics of biochar [J]. Bioresource Technology, 2012, 107: 419-428. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.11.084.
[19] LIU G H, XU Q, DONG X B, et al. Effect of protective gas and pyrolysis temperature on the biochar produced from three plants of Gramineae: physical and chemical characterization [J]. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 2016, 7:1469-1480. DOI: 10.1007/s12649-016-9534-0.
[20] SILBER A, LEVKOVITCH I, GRABER E R. pH-dependent mineral release and surface properties of corn straw biochar: agronomic implications [J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2010, 44(24):9318-9323.
[21] 何飞飞,荣湘民,梁运珊,等. 生物炭对红壤菜田土理化性质和N2O、CO2排放的影响[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2013, 32(9):1893-1900. DOI:10.11654/jaes.2013.09.027.
HE F F, RONG X M, LIANG Y S,et al. Effects of biochar on soil physiochemical properties and N2O、CO2 emissions from vegetable-planting red soil [J]. Journal of Agro-Enviroment Science, 2013, 32(9): 1893-1900.
[22] OZCIMEN D. Characterization of biochar and bio-oil samples obtained from carbonization of various biomass materials [J].Renewable Energy, 2010, 35: 1319-1324.
[23] DOWNIE A, CROSKY A, MUNROE P. Physical properties of biochar[C]//LEHMANN J, JOSEPH S. Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. London UK: Earthscan, 2009: 13-30.
[24] LEHMANN J. Bio-energy in the black [J]. Frontiers in Ecologyand the Environment, 2007, 5(7): 381-387. DOI: 10.1890/060133.
[25] 韩永明,曹军骥. 环境中的黑碳及其全球生物地球化学循环[J].海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2005, 25(1): 125-132. DOI:10.16562/j.cnki.0256-1492.2005.01.020.
HAN Y M, CAO J J. Black carbon in the environments and its global biogeochemical cycle [J]. Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology, 2005, 25(1): 125-132.
[26] CHUN Y, SHENG G Y, CARY T C, et al. Compositions and sorptive properties of crop residue-derived chars [J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2004, 38: 4649-4655.
[27] 杨帆, 李飞跃, 赵玲, 等. 生物炭对土壤氨氮转化的影响研究[J].农业环境科学学报, 2013, 32(5): 1016-1020. DOI:10.11654/jaes.2013.05.020.
YANG F, LI F Y, ZHAO L,et al. Influence of biochar on the transformation of ammonia nitrogen in soils [J]. Journal of Agro Environment Science, 2013, 32(5): 1016-1020.
[28] 曹美珠,张超兰,潘丽萍,等. 两种生物炭对两种质地土壤中阿特拉津淋溶与迁移的影响[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2015, 34(1):65-71. DOI:10.11654/jaes.2015.01.010.
CAO M Z, ZHANG C L, PAN L P, et al. Effect of 2 biochars on leaching and migration of atrazine in 2 soils[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2015, 34(1): 65-71.
[29] 袁帅,赵立欣,孟海波,等.生物炭主要类型、理化性质及其研究展望[J].植物营养与肥料学报, 2016, 22(5): 1402-1417. DOI: 10.11674/zwyf.14539.
YUAN S, ZHAO L X, MENG H B, et al. The main types of biochar and their properties and expectative researches [J]. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, 2016, 22(5): 1402-1417.
[30] SPOKAS K A. Review of the stability of biochar in soils: predic-tability of O/C molar ratios [J]. Carbon Management, 2010, 1(2): 289-303. DOI: 10.4155/cmt.10.32.
[31] PAZ-FERREIRO J, GASCó G, GUTIéRREZ B,et al. Soil biochemical activities and the geometric mean of enzyme activities after application of sewage sludge and sewage sludge biochar to soil [J]. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 2012, 48: 511-517. DOI: 10.1007/s00374-011-0644-3.
[32] YUAN H R, LU T, ZHAO D D,et al. Influence of temperature on product distribution and biochar properties by municipal sludgepyrolysis [J]. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 2013, 15: 357-361. DOI: 10.1007/s10163-013-0126-9.
[33] 李力,陆宇超,刘娅,等. 玉米秸秆生物炭对Cd(Ⅱ)的吸附机理研究[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2012, 31(11): 2277-2283.
LI L, LU Y C, LIU Y, et al. Adsorption mechanisms of cadmium(Ⅱ)on biochars derived from corn straw [J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2012, 31(11):2277-2283.
[34] LUO Y, JIAO Y J, ZHAO X R,et al. Improvement to maize growth caused by biochars derived from six feedstocks prepared at three different temperatures [J]. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2014, 13(3): 533-540.
[35] 王林,徐应明,梁学峰,等.生物炭和鸡粪对镉低积累油菜吸收镉的影响[J].中国环境科学, 2014, 34(11): 2851-2858.
WANG L, XU Y M, LIANG X F,et al. Effects of biochar and chicken manure on cadmium uptake in pakchoi cultivars with low cadmium accumulation [J]. China Environment Science, 2014, 34(11):2851-2858.
[36] WARNOCK D D, LEHMANN J, KUYPER T W, et al. Mycorrhizal responses to biochar in soil-concepts and mechanisms[J]. Plant and Soil, 2007, 300(1/2): 9-20. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-007-9391-5.
[37] CLOUGH T J, CONDRON L M, PIGNATELLO J, et al. Biochar and the nitrogen cycle: introduction [J]. Journal of Environmental Quality, 2010, 39(4):1218-1223. DOI: 10.2134/jeq2010.0204.

相似文献/References:

[1]杨淑敏,江泽慧*,任海青,等.毛竹材质生成过程中微纤丝角的变化[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(05):073.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.05.016]
 YANG Shu min,JIANG Ze hui*,REN Hai qing,et al.Variations of the microfibril angle in developmental moso bamboo culms[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(06):073.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.05.016]
[2]关明杰,高婕,朱一辛.湿热环境下丛生竹与毛竹地板的尺寸稳定性[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(02):090.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.022]
 GUAN Ming jie,GAO Jie,ZHU Yi xin.Dimensional stability between sympodial bamboo and moso bamboo flooring under hygrothermal environment[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(06):090.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.022]
[3]袁娜,郑仁红,顾小平*,等.酚酸类他感物质对毛竹实生苗生长的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(01):029.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.01.007]
 YUAN Na,ZHENG Ren hong,GU Xiao ping*,et al.Allelopathic effect of phenolic acids on Phyllostachys edulis seedlings[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(06):029.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.01.007]
[4]王汉坤,余雁*,喻云水,等.不同竹龄毛竹材纤维饱和点的测定[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2010,34(06):091.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.06.020]
 WANG Han kun,YU Yan*,YU Yun shui,et al.Measurement of saturation point of bamboo fiber from different age[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,34(06):091.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2010.06.020]
[5]叶青,魏建芬,解楠楠,等.自然低温胁迫对毛竹生理生化特性的影响应[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011,35(03):027.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.03.028]
 YING Yeqing,WEI Jianfen,XIE Nannan,et al.Effects of natural low temperature stress on physiological and biochemical properties of Phyllostachys edulis[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2011,35(06):027.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.03.028]
[6]张家洋,孙汝斌,胡海波*.北亚热带毛竹林林冠截留模型研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011,35(04):058.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.04.012]
 ZHANG Jiayang,SUN Rubin,HU Haibo*.Research on model of canopy interception of bamboo forest in northern subtropical area[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2011,35(06):058.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.04.012]
[7]侯玲艳,赵荣军*,任海青,等.不同竹龄毛竹材表面颜色、润湿性及化学成分分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2012,36(02):159.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.02.033]
 HOU Lingyan,ZHAO Rongjun*,REN Haiqing,et al.Analysis of surface color and wettability and chemical composition of differentage Phyllostachys pubescens[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2012,36(06):159.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.02.033]
[8]金爱武,黄宝龙.参与式技术发展在毛竹笋用林施肥管理中的应用[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(04):087.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.04.021]
 JIN Ai-wu,HUANG Bao-long.The Application of Participatory Technology Development on Fertilizing Management of Shoot-utilizing Stand of Moso Bamboo[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2005,29(06):087.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.04.021]
[9]史红霞,王国良*.毛竹慢性枯萎病病原鉴定[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(04):117.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.04.028]
 SHI Hong-xia,WANG Guo-liang*.Identification of Pathogen of Moso Bamboo Chronic Wilt[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2005,29(06):117.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.04.028]
[10]薛联凤,刘云飞,徐慧,等.竹材细胞壁晶区变化的图像处理[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(05):050.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.05.012]
 XUE Lian-feng,LIU Yun-fei,XU Hui,et al.Variation of Crystalline in Cell Wall of Moso Bamboo by Image Processing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2005,29(06):050.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.05.012]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-06-26 修回日期:2018-10-30
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31400456); 江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20130967)
第一作者:刘国华(ghliu@njfu.edu.cn),副研究员。*通信作者:张金池(zhang8811@njfu.edu.cn),教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-30