[1]殷文枫,冯小平*,贾哲敏,等.夏热冬冷地区绿化屋顶节能与生态效益研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(06):159-164.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201801033]
 YIN Wenfeng,FENG Xiaoping*,JIA Zhemin,et al.Experimental study on thermal insulation performance of green roof in hot summer and cold winter area[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(06):159-164.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201801033]
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夏热冬冷地区绿化屋顶节能与生态效益研究
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
42
期数:
2018年06期
页码:
159-164
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-12-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Experimental study on thermal insulation performance of green roof in hot summer and cold winter area
作者:
殷文枫1冯小平1*贾哲敏1李东安2沈鹤云3
(1.江南大学环境与土木工程学院,江苏 无锡 214122; 2.广州绿创宝生物科技有限公司,广东 广州 510032; 3.江苏绿创宝生物科技有限公司,江苏 无锡 214129)
Author(s):
YIN Wenfeng1 FENG Xiaoping1* JIA Zhemin1 LI Dongan2 SHEN Heyun3
(1.School of Environmental and Civil Engineering,Jiangnan University,Wuxi 214122, China; 2.Guangzhou LCB Biological Technology Company Limited, Guangzhou 510032, China; 3.Jiangsu LCB Biological Technology Company Limited, Wuxi 214129, China)
关键词:
夏热冬冷地区 绿化屋顶 节能效益 生态效益
Keywords:
hot summer and cold winter area green roof energy saving effect ecological benefit
分类号:
S731.2
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201801033
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】研究夏热冬冷地区绿化屋顶的节能效益,分析包括固碳释氧、空气净化、水源涵养和节能减排4个方面的生态效益。【方法】以无锡地区有无绿化的屋顶为研究对象,对比绿化屋顶的保温隔热及节电效果,并进行屋顶绿化生态效益的量化分析。【结果】在冬季,绿化屋顶内、外表面平均温度比非绿化屋顶分别高2.5 ℃和5.5 ℃,通过屋顶的热流相对减少36.4%,绿化房间空调日平均节电量为0.90(kW·h); 在夏季,绿化屋顶内、外表面平均温度比非绿化屋顶分别低3.1 ℃、5.6 ℃,通过屋顶的热流相对减少48.6%,日平均空调节电量为4.23(kW·h)。计算可得,绿化屋顶每年可节约空调用电量15.39(kW·h)/m2; 佛甲草屋顶绿化可创造的固碳释氧效益为1.887元/(m2·a),净化空气效益为2.45×10-2元/(m2·a),涵养水源效益为0.957元/(m2·a),节能效益可达到12.875元/(m2·a),减排效益达9.613元/(m2·a),综合生态效益是25.357元/(m2·a),动态投资回收期为7 a。【结论】屋顶绿化在冬季可提高屋顶内外表面温度,在夏季降低屋顶内外表面温度,减少通过屋面的热流,达到保温隔热和降低空调能耗的节能效果。屋顶绿化的生态效益显著,投资回收期短,应予以政策鼓励和支持。
Abstract:
【Objective】This paper illustrates the energy-saving benefit of green roof in hot summer and cold winter area and the ecological benefits including carbon oxygen release, air purification and water conservation and energy conservation.【Method】The thermal insulation and energy-saving effect of green roof is analyzed through the contrast experiment with and without green roof, and four aspects of green roof’s ecological benefit are quantitatively analyzed. 【Result】It shows that in winter the average inside and outside surface temperature of the green roof is higher than that of the common roof by 2.5 ℃ and 5.5 ℃, the heat flux through the roof decreases by 36.4% and the average daily electricity saving quantity is 0.90(kW·h)for air conditioner. In summer, both the inside and outside surface temperature of green roof is lower than that of the common roofs by 3.1 ℃ and 5.6 ℃, respectively, the heat flux through the roof is reduced by 48.6%, the average daily electricity saving quantity is 4.23(kW·h). It indicates that the electricity saving quantity is 15.39(kW·h)/m2 every year for the air conditioner. Per unit area of green roof can create the benefit of carbon oxygen release a year is 1.887 Yuan, air purification efficiency 2.45×10-2 Yuan/(m2·a), water conservation benefit is 0.957 Yuan/(m2·a), energy-saving efficiency is 12.875 Yuan/(m2·a), emissions reduction benefit is 9.613 Yuan/(m2·a), and quantitative ecological benefits is 25.357 Yuan/(m2·a), with the dynamic payback period of 7 years. 【Conclusion】Roof greening can improve both inside and outside surface temperature of the roof in winter, and reduce the roof temperature, as well as the heat flow through the roof, reaching thermal insulation and reducing energy consumption of air conditioning energy saving effect. The ecological benefit of roof garden is remarkable, with short payback period, and it must be paid to encourage and support by the policy.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-01-19 修回日期:2018-05-27
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51378240); 2016年江苏省建筑节能与建筑产业现代化科技支撑项目(苏财建[2016]120号)
第一作者:殷文枫(724106145@qq.com)。*通信作者:冯小平(fxp_99@126.com),教授。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-30