[1]赵奋成,郭文冰,林昌明,等.不同近交程度对湿地松结实与生长的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(01):009-17.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201712043]
 ZHAO Fencheng,GUO Wenbing,LIN Changming,et al.Effects of different inbreeding levels on seed characteristics and growth of slash pine[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2019,43(01):009-17.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201712043]
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不同近交程度对湿地松结实与生长的影响
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
43
期数:
2019年01期
页码:
009-17
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-01-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of different inbreeding levels on seed characteristics and growth of slash pine
文章编号:
1000-2006(2019)01-0009-09
作者:
赵奋成1郭文冰1林昌明2李福明2吴惠姗1钟岁英2李义良1司徒荣贵2廖仿炎1
1.广东省林业科学研究院, 广东省森林培育与保护利用重点实验室,广东 广州 510520; 2.台山市红岭种子园,广东 江门 529223
Author(s):
ZHAO Fencheng1GUO Wenbing1LIN Changming2LI Fuming2 WU Huishan1 ZHONG Suiying2LI Yiliang1SITU Ronggui2 LIAO Fangyan1
1. Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Silviculture, Protection and Utilization, Guangdong Academy of Forestry, Guangzhou 510520, China; 2. Taishan Hongling Seed Orchard, Jiangmen 529223, China
关键词:
湿地松 近交衰退 全同胞家系 半同胞家系
Keywords:
Pinus elliottii inbreeding depression full-sib family half-sib family
分类号:
S722.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201712043
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】分析近交对广东湿地松遗传材料适应度的影响以及不同亲本的近交衰退差异。【方法】对湿地松C2与C8两个无性系亲本组的16个异交与近交子代开展球果发育与田间生长测定。结实特性主要包括球果形态、种子数量与质量、饱满种子比例等。生长性状主要包括4年生与13年生子代测定林家系树高、胸径和材积。【结果】近交严重降低了两个亲本组单果饱满种子的数量与质量。C8亲本组在F为0.125、0.25和0.5时,饱满种子数量比异交下降了20%、35%和57%,近交衰退ID与近交系数F相关性达0.99。C2亲本组中与F=0.125相比,F为0.25和0.5时饱满种子数下降了50%和67%。保存率在4年生时不表现近交衰退,但13年生保存率总体比异交子代下降了4%(F=0.125)、8%(F=0.25)和19%(F=0.5)。两个亲本组及不同家系对近交的反应不一致,但F=0.125时生长量均表现出严重的近交衰退,13年生时单株材积下降22%。C2组的近交衰退总体大于C8组,13年生林分蓄积量比异交分别下降26%(F=0.125)、20%(F=0.25)和43%(F=0.5)。C8组存在两个生长表现优异的近交家系,表现优于其亲本的自由授粉子代。【结论】湿地松近交子代在球果发育与生长性状上表现近交衰退,在湿地松种子园建设中,应该注重近交管理。不同亲本的近交衰退程度存在差异,湿地松近交子代中也可选育出作为多世代遗传改良的育种材料。
Abstract:
【Objective】Slash pine(Pinus elliottii)was introduced in China 8 decades ago, and has become one of the most important exotic tree species for commercial usage in Guangdong. Inbreeding management is important at multiple cycles of genetic improvement. Most Pinus elliottii breeding programs have progressed to advanced-generation improvement in China. However, limited efforts have been made to evaluate the effects of inbreeding on the important traits of current genetic materials. In current study, the effect of inbreeding on the fitness of Pinus elliottii genetic material in Guangdong and the variation in inbreeding depression(ID)among different parents was analyzed.【Method】C2 and C8 were two super clones chosen based on backward selection. Cone development and field growth were measured in 16 outbreeding and inbred progenies, and in 5 open-pollinated progenies from the C2 and C8 founder clones. There are 4 levels of inbreeding: outcrosses(F=0), half-sib( F = 0.125), full-sib and backcrosses(F= 0.25), and selfed(F = 0.5). Seed characteristics including cone length, cone width, seed number per cone, seed weight per cone, filled seeds number per cone, weight of filled seeds per cone, thousand seed weight, proportion of filled seeds and so on, were measured in 1999. The progeny testing stand with a randomized completed block design was established in Taishan, Guangdong in 2000. From 2002, the growth traits were determined, and included height, diameter at breast height(DBH), individual volume, and plot volume.【Result】Inbreeding hinders cone development in Pinus elliottii, few cones were obtained in 4 inbred families and the rate of seed was obviously reduced at F = 0.5. Furthermore, Inbreeding severely decreased the filled seed number and weight per cone. In C8, the ID at F = 0.125, 0.25, and 0.5 was 20%, 35%, and 57% for filled seed number, respectively, which was highly related to the inbreeding coefficient(R2 = 0.99). In C2, the filled seed number decreased to 50% and 67% at F = 0.25 and 0.5, respectively, when compared to that of F = 0.125. The other traits related to cone morphology and seed production were not consistent in C2 and C8. The ID for survival was not obvious for 4-year-olds, but at F = 0.125, 0.25 and 0.5 it was 4%, 8% and 19% for survival to 13-year-olds, respectively. There were significant differences between the two founder clones and the related families in growth response to inbreeding. The ID for overall growth was severe at F = 0.125, which was 22% for individual volume at 13 years. The response to inbreeding was higher in C2 than that in C8, and the IDs in C2 followed certain rules: the ID degree was the highest in individual volume, followed by DBH, and the tree height was lowest; The mean IDs in DBH are twice as height. The ID at F = 0.125, 0.25, and 0.5 from the C2 founder clone was 13%, 15%, and 30% for individual volume at 4 years, respectively, whereas it was 26%, 20% and 43% for plot volume at 13 years, respectively. The IDs in C8 were not obvious, and the IDs in plot volume unexpectedly increased by 2.1%. Two specific inbred progenies(C8-2×C8-1 and C8-2×C8-2)showed better growth performance than the C8 and C8-2 open-pollinated progenies.【Conclusion】The inbred progenies exhibited IDs for cone development and growth, which especially caused large economic losses due to the reduction in the survival and plot volume at the mature stage. It was thus indicated that inbreeding management in Pinus elliottii should be given attention during seed orchard establishment. Variations were found in IDs from different parents. The elite inbred progenies could be selected for advanced-generation breeding.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-12-27 修回日期:2018-03-18基金项目:广东省省级科技计划项目(2015B070701009)。 第一作者:赵奋成(zhaofc@sinogaf.cn),研究员,ORCID(0000-0003-0017-0408)。引文格式:赵奋成,郭文冰,林昌明,等. 不同近交程度对湿地松结实与生长的影响[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(1):9-17.
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-01-28