[1]崔志华,杨昕雨*.基于GIS的南京市中山陵景区核心区域声景观评价[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(02):121-127.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201805038]
 CUI Zhihua,YANG Xinyu*.Evaluation of soundscape in the core area of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum in Nanjing[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2019,43(02):121-127.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201805038]
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基于GIS的南京市中山陵景区核心区域声景观评价
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
43
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
121-127
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-03-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Evaluation of soundscape in the core area of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum in Nanjing
文章编号:
1000-2006(2019)02-0121-07
作者:
崔志华1杨昕雨1*
(南京林业大学风景园林学院,江苏 南京 210037)
Author(s):
CUI Zhihua1 YANG Xinyu1*
(College of Landscape Architecture,Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037,China)
关键词:
中山陵风景区 声景观 GIS 南京市
Keywords:
Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Scenic Area soundscape GIS Nanjing City
分类号:
S757; TU23
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201805038
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】利用遥感数据进行风景区声景观规划设计方法的探讨,构建声景观舒适度综合评价模型,为景观尺度上旅游资源的开发提供科学依据。【方法】以南京市中山陵景区核心区域为研究对象,通过测量影响声景观的客观要素并结合景区内游客对声景观的主观评价结果,构建景区声景观舒适度评价模型,并利用GIS软件进行分析评价。【结果】南京市中山陵景区核心区域平均声级为66.88 dB,声景观舒适度在时间维度呈现平均每24小时先平稳上升、后波动下降的趋势; 在空间维度呈现南部高、中部一般、东部低的片状分布趋势; 景区声景观舒适度较高的区域主要分布在景区东南部,而声景观舒适度较低的区域主要分布在景区西南部边缘区域; 此外,声景观舒适度评价结果与景观区域面积、水域面积比例以及绿化覆盖率正相关,与风景区到机动车道的直线距离负相关,与风景区景观多样性和道路密度无明显相关性,声景观舒适度阈值为64.62 dB。【结论】这种结合主客观评价和空间分析方法的声景观评价方法可为我国风景区未来的综合景观规划、声景观设计提供参考。
Abstract:
【Objective】 Using remote sensing data to discuss the planning and design method of soundscape in scenic area,we constructed a comprehensive evaluation model of comfort degree of soundscape, which provides a scientific basis for the development of tourism resources at the landscape scale. 【Method】 Taking the core area of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Scenic Area in Nanjing as the research object, the comfort evaluation model of soundscape in scenic area is constructed by surveying the objective factors affecting the soundscape and referring to the results of tourists' subjective evaluation on the soundscape in the scenic area, and analysis and evaluation are implemented by using GIS software. 【Result】 The results show that the average sound level of the core area of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Scenic Area in Nanjing is 66.88 dB. In the time dimension, the comfort degree of soundscape increases steadily at first and then fluctuates downward on average in every 24 hours. In the spatial dimension, the comfort degree of soundscape shows a patchy distribution trend where it is high in the south, medium in the middle and low in the east. The zones with higher comfort degree of soundscape are mainly located in the southeastern part of the scenic area, while those with low comfort degree of soundscape are mainly located in the southwestern fringe of the scenic area. In addition, the evaluation results of comfort degree of soundscape are positively correlated with landscape area, water area ratio and green coverage, negatively cor related to the linear distance between the scenic spot and the motorway, and have no obvious correlations to landscape diversity and road density. The threshold of comfort degree of soundscape is 64.62 dB. 【Conclusion】 The method of soundscape evaluation incorporating subjective and objective evaluation and spatial analysis method can provide reference for future comprehensive landscape planning and soundscape design of scenic spots in China.

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相似文献/References:

[1]田 方,李明阳,葛 飒,等.基于GIS的紫金山国家森林公园 声景观空间格局研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2014,38(06):087.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.06.017]
 TIAN Fang,LI Mingyang,GE Sa,et al.GIS-based analysis of soundscape spatial pattern in Zijin Mountain National Forest Park[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2014,38(02):087.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.06.017]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-05-15 修回日期:2018-09-20
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31770676); 国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0503200); 江苏高校品牌专业建设工程资助项目(PPZY2015A063)。
第一作者:崔志华(24403342@qq.com),副教授,博士,ORCID(0000-0001-7943-962X)。
*通信作者:杨昕雨(610257115@qq.com),ORCID(0000-0001-6745-2069)。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-30