[1]郭聪聪,沈永宝*,史锋厚.白皮松种子休眠研究进展[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(02):175-183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201710045]
 GUO Congcong,SHEN Yongbao*,SHI Fenghou.Review on seed dormancy of Pinus bungeana Zucc.[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2019,43(02):175-183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201710045]
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白皮松种子休眠研究进展
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
43
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
175-183
栏目:
综合述评
出版日期:
2019-03-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Review on seed dormancy of Pinus bungeana Zucc.
文章编号:
1000-2006(2019)02-0175-09
作者:
郭聪聪13沈永宝234*史锋厚234
(1.南京林业大学风景园林学院,江苏 南京 210037; 2.南京林业大学,南方现代林业协同创新中心,江苏 南京 210037; 3.国家林业局南方林木种子检验中心,江苏 南京 210037; 4.南京林业大学林学院,江苏 南京 210037)
Author(s):
GUO Congcong13 SHEN Yongbao234* SHI Fenghou 234
(1.College of Landscape Architecture, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China; 2. Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037, China; 3. Southern Tree Seed Inspection Center, National Forestry Administration, Nanjing 210037, China; 4.College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China)
关键词:
白皮松 种子休眠 胚发育 种皮 内源激素 休眠解除
Keywords:
Pinus bungeana Zucc. seed dormancy embryo development seed coat endogenous normones dormancy breaking
分类号:
S722
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201710045
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
种子休眠普遍存在于高等植物中,是植物历经长期的自然选择而保存下来的一种生物学特性。白皮松(Pinus bungeana Zucc.)是中国特有种,观赏价值高,以种子繁殖为主,但种子具有深休眠特性,给苗木繁育带来一定困难。分析关于白皮松种子休眠的研究结果认为,休眠原因主要包括:种子成熟时种胚的发育状况,内、外种皮和胚乳含有种类和含量不尽相同的萌发抑制物且脱落酸类在各部位均存在并有较强的抑制能力,种皮对种子萌发的机械阻力和透水性、透气性障碍以及内源激素在种子休眠中的作用。解除白皮松种子休眠的方法主要有低温层积处理、长时间流水冲洗、植物激素浸种、化学试剂和机械处理以及环境条件处理等。
Abstract:
Seed dormancy is pervasive in advanced plants, and is a biological characteristic that plants possess over long-term natural selection. Pinus bungeana Zucc. is an endemic species in China and has high ornamental value. It reproduces mainly through seeds; however, the seeds with deep dormancy cause difficulties in seedling breeding. In this study, the reasons for dormancy of P. bungeana seeds and the methods of dormancy breaking are summarized. The causes of dormancy mainly include the development of embryo in a mature seed; the presence of different kinds and amounts of germination inhibitors in the seed coat, paper layer, and endosperm; the presence of abscisic acid, which possesses strong inhibitory ability, in these three parts; mechanical resistance and permeability of the seed coat to germination; and endogenous hormones. The common methods of dormancy breaking are cold stratification, long-time flushing, soaking in plant hormones, chemical treatment, mechanical treatment and environmental condition treatment.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-10-28 修回日期:2018-06-26
基金项目:江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)。
第一作者:郭聪聪(1587346398@qq.com),博士生。
*通信作者:沈永宝(ybshen@njfu.com.cn),教授,ORCID(0000-0002-0440-5086)。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-30