[1]江一帆,李明阳*,刘雅楠,等.气候变化对湖南省马尾松适宜生境影响分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(04):094-100.[doi:10. 3969/ j. issn. 1000-2006. 201805040]
 JIANG Yifan,LI Mingyang*,LIU Yanan,et al.Impact of climate change on suitable habitats of Pinus massoniana in Hunan Province[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2019,43(04):094-100.[doi:10. 3969/ j. issn. 1000-2006. 201805040]
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气候变化对湖南省马尾松适宜生境影响分析
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
43
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
094-100
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-07-24

文章信息/Info

Title:
Impact of climate change on suitable habitats of Pinus massoniana in Hunan Province
文章编号:
1000-2006(2019)04-0094-07
作者:
江一帆李明阳*刘雅楠刘 菲
(南京林业大学林学院,江苏 南京 210037)
Author(s):
JIANG YifanLI Mingyang*LIU YananLIU Fei
(College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China)
关键词:
马尾松 适宜生境 气候变化 Maxent模型 适地适树 湖南省
Keywords:
Pinus massoniana suitable habitats climate change Maxent model matching species with the site Hunan Province
分类号:
S757
DOI:
10. 3969/ j. issn. 1000-2006. 201805040
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】气候变化会导致树种适宜生境发生变化,从而对准确地制定长期森林经营规划方案产生影响。为了在制定长期森林经营规划中贯彻适地适树原则,需要研究气候变化对树种适宜生境分布的影响。【方法】以湖南省马尾松(Pinus massoniana)为研究对象,利用2016年湖南省连续清查森林资源档案更新数据中的马尾松空间分布数据、高程数据和气候数据,采用最大熵法(Maxent)模型,分温度变化、降水量不变,降水量变化、温度不变,降水量和温度均变化3种情景模拟马尾松在湖南省适宜生境的动态变化。【结果】① Maxent模型模拟结果中,训练精度、模拟精度的AUC(area under the ROC curve)值在AUC评估标准中属于良好(0.80~0.90)水平,可以较好地模拟马尾松适宜生境; ② 2016年马尾松适宜生境主要分布于湖南省中部和西北部,小部分分布于东部和南部。适宜生境、低适宜生境和不适宜生境所占面积比例分别为28.30%、40.10%、31.60%; ③ 2016—2050年温度和降水量均有所增加,年平均温度增加2.30 ℃,年平均降水量增加19.9 mm。在温度升高、降水量不变,降水量升高、温度不变和温度、降水量均升高3种气候情景下,湖南省马尾松适宜生境面积比例分别变化了0.58%、0.53%和-0.65%,不适宜生境相比2016年均有所减少,分别减少了7.22%、2.00%和0.15%; ④ 刀切法确定了最湿季均温(Bio8)、最暖季均温(Bio10)、最冷季降水量(Bio19)为影响马尾松分布的主导气候因子,其中最冷季降水量为最主要的气候因子。【结论】湖南省马尾松种植区主要分布在该省中部和西北部,当未来气候呈现温度增加、降水量不变的情景时,种植区域适当向东扩展; 当未来气候呈现降水量增加、温度不变或二者均增加的情景时,种植区域适当向北扩展。
Abstract:
【Objective】Climate change will lead to changes in suitable habitats of tree species, which will have an impact on the scientifically making of long-term forest management plans. In order to implement the principle of matching species with suitable sites when making long-term forest management plan, we need to consider the impact of climate change on the suitable habitats of tree species. 【Method】Pinus massoniana in Hunan was chosen as the research object; distribution data of P. massoniana from the updated date in continuous forest inventory of Hunan Province in 2016 were collected to simulate dynamic changes of P. massoniana using maximum entropy(Maxent)model in three scenarios. The scenarios included temperature change while keeping the precipitation constant, precipitation change while keeping temperature constant and changing both temperature and precipitation. 【Result】① Maxent simulation results showed that the AUC(area under the ROC curve)values of training accuracy and simulation accuracy were considered good(0.80-0.90)level in the AUC evaluation criteria. It also demonstrated that the model could accurately simulate suitable habitats of P. massoniana. ②In 2016, suitable habitats of P. massoniana were mainly distribute in the central and northwestern parts of Hunan Province. Only a small part of suitable habitats were distributed in the eastern and southern parts of Hunan. The proportions of suitable habitats, low suitable habitats, and unsuitable habitats were 28.30%, 40.10%, and 31.60%, respectively.③Both temperature and precipitation were assumed to increase from 2016 to 2050. The annual average temperature will increase by 2.3℃, and the average annual precipitation would increase by 19.9 mm. In three scenarios listed above, the proportion of suitable habitats area of P. massoniana in Hunan Province were changed by 0.58%, 0.53% and -0.65%. Compared with 2016, unsuitable habitats in 2050 will decrease by 7.22%, 2.00% and 0.15%, respectively. The results of Jackknife analysis showed that the most humid season average temperature(Bio8), the warmest season average temperature(Bio10)and the most cold season precipitation(Bio19)were dominating climate factors that greatly impact suitable habitats of P. massoniana. Among these, the coldest seasonal precipitation was the most important factor.【Conclusion】P. massoniana planting area is mainly distributed in the central and northwestern parts of Hunan Province. When the future climate will increase in temperature while keeping precipitation constant, the planting area will expand to the east. When the future climate will increase in precipitation while keeping temperature constant or increase both in temperature and precipitation, the planting area will expand appropriately to the north.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-05-16 修回日期:2018-08-31 基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31770679)。 第一作者:江一帆(781574840@qq.com)。*通信作者:李明阳(lmy196727@126.com),教授,ORCID(0000-0002-9782-3235)。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-07-22