SONG Jinfeng,RU Jiaxin,ZHANG Hongguang,et al.Research progress on lichens, lichenic acids, rock and mineral weathering and its mechanisms[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2019,43(04):169-177.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201806030]





Research progress on lichens, lichenic acids, rock and mineral weathering and its mechanisms
宋金凤1汝佳鑫1张红光2曹 楷3崔晓阳1*
(1. 东北林业大学林学院,森林生态系统可持续经营教育部重点实验室,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150040; 2. 东北林业大学帽儿山实验林场,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150040; 3. 大庆万方经济开发公司,黑龙江 大庆 163411)
SONG Jinfeng1 RU Jiaxin1 ZHANG Hongguang2 CAO Kai3 CUI Xiaoyang1*
(1. Key Laboratory of Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Management-Ministry of Education, College of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China; 2. Maoershan Forest Research Station, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China; 3. Daqing Wanfang Economic Development Corporation, Daqing 163411, China)
地衣 地衣酸 岩石矿物生物风化 络合作用
lichens lichenic acids rock and mineral biological weathering complexation
S718.5; S714.1
Weathering of rock and minerals is one of the most important geochemical phenomena that occurs on the earth’s surface, among which biological weathering is considered to be important. The role of lichens and lichenic acids secreted from lichens on biological weathering of rock and minerals was summarized in this paper. We also discussed the mechanisms of weathering. Our objective was to provide the theoretical basis for the scientific evaluation of the important functions of lichens and lichenic acids in forest ecosystems(especially for the cold temperate). Lichens can significantly induce and accelerate the weathering process of rock and minerals through physical and chemical mechanisms; Biophysical and biochemical weathering occur at the same time, of which the latter is more important. During the course of lichen-induced rock and mineral weathering, lichenic acids are secreted by lichens specifically on their symbiotic fungi or algae; these acids are the main drivers behind rock and mineral weathering both in the field and in the laboratory. Their weathering mechanisms include proton promotion and complexation effects. Lichenic acids, especially, can form soluble chelates with the base ions in rock and minerals, thus leading to dissolution of rock and minerals.


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 LI Dong xue,DING Yu long.Progress on the Coevolution of Lichen[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2001,25(04):056.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2001.01.016]


收稿日期:2018-06-25 修回日期:2019-01-10 基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31370613); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2572019CP15)。 第一作者:宋金凤(songnefu@126.com),副教授,博士后。*通信作者:崔晓阳(c_xiaoyang@126.com),教授,博士,ORCID(0000-0001-7704-2346)
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-07-22