[1]何 梅,胡玉安,武启飞,等.北美海棠6品种在南方地区的引种研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(06):073-82.
 HE Mei,HU Yu'an,WU Qifei,et al.Study on the growth adaptability of north American crabapple introduced to southern China[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2019,43(06):073-82.
点击复制

北美海棠6品种在南方地区的引种研究
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
43
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
073-82
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on the growth adaptability of north American crabapple introduced to southern China
文章编号:
1000-2006(2019)06-0073-10
作者:
何 梅12胡玉安2 武启飞2许 军2赵 安1*
(1.江西师范大学地理与环境学院,鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室,江西 南昌 330032; 2.江西省林业科学院,江西 南昌 330032)
Author(s):
HE Mei12 HU Yu'an2 WU Qifei2 XU Jun2 ZHAO An1*
(1. Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Wetland and Watershed Research, Ministry of Education, School of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China; 2.Jiangxi Academy of Forestry, Nanchang 330022, China)
关键词:
北美海棠 南方地区 适应性 引种栽培 耐热性 物候期
Keywords:
north American crabapple southern China adaptability introduction and cultivation heat tolerance phenology
分类号:
S718; Q945
摘要:
【目的】探索北美海棠在南方地区的适应性和观赏性,为有效引种和培育新品种提供理论依据。【方法】以6个新优北美海棠品种(‘黛玉'、‘白兰地'、‘丰盛'、‘王族'、‘草莓果冻'和‘紫宝石')为引种试材,在南方地区进行物候期、观赏性及耐热性观测和试验。【结果】6个北美海棠品种均能正常萌芽、展叶、开花、结果,且具有较高的观赏价值。夏季生长适应性观测显示,6个品种在南方高温环境下叶片出现不同程度的皱缩、卷曲、叶缘枯焦等变化。生理适应性表明,各品种均能通过自身质膜热稳定性、抗氧化系统及渗透调节方式应对南方夏季高温环境。【结论】6种北美海棠在南方地区夏季高温环境下生长受到一定影响,但通过自身的生理调节,能正常完成生活史,且表现出较高的观赏价值。引种的6种北美海棠表现最好的为‘黛玉',其次是‘白兰地'和‘紫宝石'。南方地区可根据需要在苗木生产和景观绿化中选择适宜的北美海棠品种栽培。
Abstract:
【Objective】Explore the adaptability and ornamental value of north American crabapple cultivars grown in southern China, and provide a theoretical basis for the effective introduction and cultivation of new crabapple varieties.【Method】Six north American crabapple cultivars(Manus ‘Black Jade,' M. ‘Brandywine,' M. ‘Profusion,' M. ‘Royalty,' M. ‘Strawberry Jelly' and M. ‘Purple Gems')were grown in southern China, and their phenology, ornamental values and heat tolerance were recorded.【Result】All six crabapple cultivars were able to germinate, grow, blossom and bear fruit normally in southern China, and specimens had high ornamental value. Over the summer period, we documented leaf damage(shrinkage, curling and scorching to differing degrees)under high temperature conditions. However, plants were able to physiologically adapt to these temperatures owing to the high thermal stability of their plasma membranes, and the effectiveness of both their antioxidant systems and their osmotic regulation.【Conclusion】Growth of north American crabapple cultivars in southern China was affected by high summer temperatures; however, physiological regulation allowed plants to complete their normal life cycle. Plants exhibited phenotypes with high ornamental value. Of the cultivars, ‘Black Jade' performed the best, followed by ‘Brandywine' and ‘Purple Gems.' We show that certain north American crabapple cultivars are suitable for introduction and cultivation in southern China, and specific cultivars can be selected according to individual requirements.

参考文献/References:

[1] 楚爱香,汤庚国.观赏海棠品种分类研究进展[J].生物学通报, 2008,43(7):15-19.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.0006-3193.2008.07.005. CHU A X, TANG G G. Advances in research on classification of ornamental crabapple [J]. Bulletion of Biology, 2008, 43(7): 15-19. [2] 浦静,张晶,赵聪,等. ‘紫王子'海棠半同胞家系苗期表型特征分析[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 41(6):33-40. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.12.048. PU J,ZHANG J,ZHAO C, et al. Analysis and evaluation on flower color characteristics of the Malus ‘Purple Prince'half-sib progenies[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2017, 41(6):33-40. [3] 孙鑫,何亚飞,卢俊芳,等.增温促花对盆栽海棠‘长寿冠'复栽后光合特性日变化的影响[J].江西农业大学学报,2017, 39(1):64-71. DOI: 10.13836/j.jjau.2017009. SUN X, HE Y F, LU J F, et al. Effects of increasing temperature to promote flowering on the diurnal variation of photosynthesis in potted Chaenomeles speciosa(Sweet)Nakai ‘Changshouguan'[J]. Acta Agriculturae Niversitatis Jiangxiensis, 2017, 39(1): 64-71. [4] ILES J K, ROMER J P, HAYNES C L. Selection preferences for crabapple cultivars and species[J]. Horttechnology, 2003, 13(3): 522-525. DOI: 10.1023/A: 1024797132744. [5] 韩强,尚海. 6个北美海棠新品种在酒泉地区的引种栽培试验[J]. 林业科技通讯, 2017(11):86-88. DOI:10.13456/j.cnki.lykt.2017.11.027. HAN Q, SHANG M.Introduction and cultivation of six new north American Begonia varieties in Jiuquan Area[J]. Forest Science and Technology, 2017(11): 86-88. [6] 张波,石建宁, 徐慧琳. 王族、钻石海棠在银川市的引种表现[J]. 农业科技与信息, 2017,(13):93-94. DOI:10.15979/j.cnki.cn62-1057/s.2017.13.044. ZHANG B, SHI J N, XU H L.Introduction performance of Mauls‘Royalty'and Mauls‘Sparkler 'in Yinchuan City[J]. Agricultural Science-technology and Information, 2017,(13): 93-94. [7] 宋克. 北美海棠在漯河地区的引种栽培及应用[J]. 现代园艺, 2013(9): 20-21. DOI:10.14051/j.cnki.xdyy.2013.09.056. SONG K.Introduction, cultivation and application of Begonia crabapple in Luohe area[J]. Xiandai Horticulture, 2013(9): 20-21. [8] 李伟, 杨彬. 北美海棠系列 在昌吉地区的引种栽培试验[J]. 新疆林业, 2012(1): 21-24. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-3522.2012.01.014. LI W, YANG B.Introduction and cultivation experiment of North American Begonia series in Changji area[J]. Forestry of Xinjiang, 2012(1): 21-24. [9] 徐基平, 李艳红, 胡秀琴. 克拉玛依地区北美海棠的引种栽培及推广应用研究[J]. 园艺与种苗, 2011(1):51-53. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.2095-0896.2011.01.015. XU J P, LI Y H, HU X Q. Study on introduction, cultivation and application of North American Begonia in Karamay area[J]. Horticulture & Seed, 2011(1): 51-53. [10] 张亿艳, 杨培华, 朱业辉. 北美海棠在沙县引种试验[J]. 福建农业科技, 2017(5):18-19. DOI:10.13651/j.cnki.fjnykj.2017.05.007. ZHANG Y Y, YANG P H, ZHU Y H. Introduction text on North American Begonia in Sha County[J]. Fujian Agricultural Science and Technology, 2017(5): 18-19. [11] 蔡军火,魏绪英,李金峰,等.环境温度对红花石蒜生长节律的调控研究[J].江西农业大学学报,2018, 40(1):24-31. DOI: 10.13836/j.jjau.2018004. CAI J H, WEI X Y, LI J F, et al. The regulation and control of ambient temperature on growth rhythm of lycori radiata[J]. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 2018, 40(1):24-31. [12] 钟敏,张文标,邹梁峰,等.高温下猕猴桃光合作用和叶绿素荧光特性的日变化[J].江西农业大学学报, 2018,40(3):472-478. DOI: 10.13836/j.jjau.2018062. ZHONG M, ZHANG W B, ZHOU L F, et al. Diurnal variation of photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluore-scence characteristics in kiwifruit under high temperature condition[J]. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 2018,40(3):472-478. [13] 刘春风,张往祥,孙垒,等.高温对观赏海棠生长和光合作用的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2013,37(4):17-22. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2013.04.004. LIU C F, ZHANG W X, SUN L, et al. Effects of high temperature on photosynthesis and growth of crabapple seedling[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Sciences Edition), 2013, 37(4):17-22. [14] 王新娟.苹果属种质资源光合特性研究[D].杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2010. WANG X J. Photosynthetic chanacteristics of apper germplasm resources[D]. Yangling: North West Agriculture and Forestry University,2010. [15] 杨肖华,郭圣茂,冯美玲,等.干旱胁迫及复水对射干光合作用和叶绿素荧光特性的影响[J].江西农业大学学报,2018,40(3):525-532. DOI:10.13836/j.jjau.2018069. YANG X H, GUO S M, FENG M L, et al. Effects of drought stress and re-watering on the characteristics of photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence of blackberry lily[J]. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 2018, 40(3):525-532. [16] 薛应龙.植物生理学试验[M].北京:高等教育出版社,1985:12. XUE Y L. Plant physiology experiment[M]. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 1985:12. [17] 李玲.植物生理学模块实验指导[M].北京:科学出版社,2009. LI L. Guide for plant physiology experiment[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2009. [18] 郝建军,康宗利,于洋.植物生理学实验技术[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2006. HAO J J, KANG Z L, YU Y.Experimental technology of plant physiology[M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2006. [19] 叶子飘,李进省.光合作用对光响应的直角双曲线修正模型和非直角双曲线模型的对比研究[J].井冈山大学学报(自然科学版),2010,31(3):38-44. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-8085.2010.03.009. YE Z P, LI J S.Comparative investigation light response of photosynthesis on non-rectangular hyperbola model and modified model of rectangular hyperbola[J]. Journal of Jinggangshan University(Natural Science), 2010, 31(3): 38-44. [20] 李晓磊.观赏海棠(Malus sp.)花粉特性及花果香气研究[D].泰安:山东农业大学,2008. LI X L. Analysis of pollen characteristics of ornamental crabapple(Malus sp.)and its flowers, fruit aroma[D].Taian: Shandong Agricultural University,2008. [21] ZHU D. Effects of cadmium, water single and combined stress on antioxidant enzyme activity of Arisaema heterophyllum BI leaves [J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2014, 30(15): 292-297. DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.2013-2660. [22] KOMATSU S, WADA T, ABALÉA Y, et al. Analysis of plasma membrane proteome in soybean and application to flooding stress response[J]. Journal of Proteome Research, 2009, 8(10):4487-4499. DOI: 10.1021/pr9002883. [23] SHAHEEN M R, AYYUB C M, AMJAD M, et al. Morpho-physiological evaluation of tomato genotypes under high temperature stress conditions[J]. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 2016, 96(8):2698-2704. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.7388. [24] 班甜甜, 张素勤, 肖体菊, 等. 干旱胁迫对草石蚕保护酶活性和渗透调节物质的影响[J]. 江西农业大学学报, 2018, 40(5):956-964. DOI: 10.13836 /j.jjau.2018120. BAN T T, ZHANG S Q, XIAO T J, et al. Effects of drought stress on protective enzyme activity and osmotic adjustment substances of Stachys sieboldii Miq[J]. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 2018, 40(5): 956-964. [25]靳甜甜,刘国华,胡婵娟,等.黄土高原常见造林树种光合蒸腾特征[J].生态学报,2008,28(11):5758-5765.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.11.063. JIN T T, LIU G H, HU C J, et al. Characteristics of photosynthetic and transpiration of three common afforesation species in the Loess Plateau [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28( 11 ): 5758-5765. [26] 王旭军,潘百红,程勇,等.红榉不同种源光合特性的比较[J].中南林业科技大学学报,2013,33(6):37-42.DOI:10.14067/j.cnki.1673-923x.2013.06.024. WANG X J, PAN B H, CHENG Y, et al. Comparison of photosynthetic characteristics of different provenances of Zelkova schneideriana Hand-Mazz[J]. Journal of Central South University of Forestry & Technology, 2013, 33(6): 37-42. [27] 冷平生,杨晓红,胡悦,等.5种园林树木的光合和蒸腾特性的研究[J].北京农学院学报,2000,15(4):13-18.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-3186.2000.04.003. LENG P S, YANG X H, HU Y, et al. Studies on the characteristics of photosynthesis and transpiration of five gardening trees [J]. Journal of Beijing Agricultural College, 2000, 15( 4 ): 13-18. [28] 何梅,王华,胡玉安,等.彩叶树种研究与开发利用现状[J].江西农业大学学报,2018,40( 6 ):1134-1144. DOI:10.13836/j.jjau.2018143. HE M, WANG H, HU Y A, et al. Research status, development and utilization of color-leaf trees[J].Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 2018, 40(6): 1134-1144. [29] 王明荣.引进33种欧洲海棠品种繁殖栽培研究及景观应用价值评价[D]. 南京:南京林业大学, 2005. WANG M R. The breeding and cultivating of 33 Europe Malus species or cultivars and their ornamental appraisal [D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Forestry University, 2005. [30] 许军,何梅,胡玉安,等.观赏海棠研究进展[J].江西农业大学学报,2018,40(3): 553-560. DOI:10.13836/j.jjau.2018072. XU J, HE M, HU Y A, et al. Advances in the research on and expectationof ornamental crabapple[J]. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 2018, 40(3): 553-560.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-03-07 修回日期:2019-05-30 基金项目:江西省林业科学院重点项目(2016511402); 国家自然科学基金项目(31300572); 江西省科技厅重点研发项目(20161BBF60116)。 第一作者:何梅(505111043@qq.com),助理研究员,博士。*通信作者:赵安(zhaoanjxsd@qq.com),教授,ORCID(0000-0003-3554-262X)。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-30