[1]程 强,吴小芹*,叶建仁,等.菊方翅网蝽在南京分布及其对中国的风险分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2020,44(01):125-130.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201811019]
 CHENG Qiang,WU Xiaoqin*,YE Jianren,et al.Distribution of Corythucha marmorata in Nanjing and its risk analysis in China[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2020,44(01):125-130.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201811019]
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菊方翅网蝽在南京分布及其对中国的风险分析
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
44
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
125-130
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Distribution of Corythucha marmorata in Nanjing and its risk analysis in China
文章编号:
1000-2006(2020)01-0125-06
作者:
程 强吴小芹*叶建仁林司曦
(南京林业大学,南方现代林业协同创新中心,南京林业大学林学院,江苏 南京 210037)
Author(s):
CHENG Qiang WU Xiaoqin* YE Jianren LIN Sixi
(Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China)
关键词:
菊方翅网蝽 生物入侵 适生区预测 定量分析 入侵风险 南京
Keywords:
Corythucha marmorata(Uhler) biological invasion potential distribution forecast quantitative analysis invasion risk Nanjing
分类号:
S763
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201811019
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】了解菊方翅网蝽在南京的分布及危害情况,并确定其在中国的潜在适生分布区和风险大小,为菊方翅网蝽的防控提供参考。【方法】采用实地踏查的方式对南京市8个主城区的公园、广场、绿道等进行调查; 采用MaxEnt生态位模型,结合地理信息系统(ArcGIS)预测菊方翅网蝽在中国的潜在适生区; 采用多指标综合评价法,从传入的可能性、定殖的可能性、扩散的可能性、受害寄主的经济重要性和危险性管理难度方面,对菊方翅网蝽在中国的入侵风险进行定量和定性分析。【结果】在南京8个主城区均发现有菊方翅网蝽入侵,主要危害菊科杂草,在菊花上危害较轻; 预测菊方翅网蝽在中国的潜在适生区约占中国国土面积的40%; 菊方翅网蝽在外来入侵有害生物多指标综合评价体系中得分为2.05,属高度风险有害生物。【结论】菊方翅网蝽在南京市已普遍发生,中国潜在适生范围广、风险较大,应加强对该虫的监测,避免进一步扩散。
Abstract:
【Objective】The aim of this study was to investigate the current distribution of Corythucha marmorata(Uhler)and the damage it caused in Nanjing City, and to assess its potential distribution and invasion risk in China.【Method】Field investigation was conducted to identify the insect distribution in parks, squares, and greenways in eight main urban areas of Nanjing. MaxEnt model combined with the geographic information system(ArcGIS)was used to predict the potential distribution of C. marmorata in China. The multi-index evaluation system was used to determine the invasion risk of C. marmorata based on five hierarchies including introduction possibility, colonization, diffusion, the economic value of host, and difficulty in risk management, as well as 18 indicators.【Result】C. marmorata was found in all invested areas of Nanjing, endangering the weed of Compositae. However, it did not cause severe damage to Dendranthema morifolium. The potential distribution of C. marmorata accounted for about 40% of China. The score of C. marmorata was 2.05 in the aforementioned evaluation system, which indicated it belonged to high risk pests in China.【Conclusion】C. marmorata is widely distributed in Nanjing. It has a wide range of distribution and poses a big risk to China. Thus, it is crucial to monitor this insect and avoid it from spreading further

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-11-10 修回日期:2019-08-31基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2016YFC1202100); 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)。第一作者:程强(1422968941@qq.com)。*通信作者:吴小芹(xqwu@njfu.edu.cn),教授,ORCID(0000-0003-0309-1676)。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-01-15