[1]李晓锐,周 樊,冯 刚,等.砧木对薄壳山核桃嫁接苗光合及荧光特性的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2020,44(02):084-90.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201811043]
 LI Xiaorui,ZHOU Fan,FENG Gang,et al.Photosynthetic and fluorescence characteristics of pecan grafting seedlings grafted on different rootstocks[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2020,44(02):084-90.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201811043]
点击复制

砧木对薄壳山核桃嫁接苗光合及荧光特性的影响
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
44
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
084-90
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-03-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Photosynthetic and fluorescence characteristics of pecan grafting seedlings grafted on different rootstocks
文章编号:
1000-2006(2020)02-0084-07
作者:
李晓锐1周 樊1冯 刚1郑小琴1李永荣2彭方仁1
(1.南京林业大学,南方现代林业协同创新中心,南京林业大学林学院,江苏 南京 210037; 2.南京绿宙薄壳山核桃科技有限公司,江苏 南京 210007)
Author(s):
LI Xiaorui1ZHOU Fan1FENG Gang1ZHENG Xiaoqin1LI Yongrong2PENG Fangren1*
(1.Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China,College of Forestry,Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210007,China; 2. Nanjing Green Universe Pecan Science & Technology Co., Ltd., Nanjing 210037, China)
关键词:
薄壳山核桃 嫁接苗 砧木 光合作用 叶绿素荧光特性
Keywords:
Carya illinoensis grafting seedling rootstock photosynthesis chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics
分类号:
S718
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201811043
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】探索不同砧木类型薄壳山核桃嫁接苗光合及荧光特性差异,为选育优良砧木、改进栽培管理方式提供科学依据。【方法】以薄壳山核桃‘Elliott’、‘Sauber’和‘Podsednik’实生苗作砧木,嫁接品种‘Pawnee’为接穗,研究3种不同砧木1年生‘Pawnee’嫁接苗的光合特性和叶绿素荧光诱导动力学特性。【结果】‘Elliott’嫁接苗(砧木‘Elliott’,接穗‘Pawnee’)在高光强下的净光合速率(Pn)以及对光照的利用范围高于‘Sauber’嫁接苗(砧木‘Sauber’,接穗‘Pawnee’)和‘Podsednik’嫁接苗(砧木‘Podsednik’,接穗‘Pawnee’);‘Podsednik’嫁接苗的暗呼吸速率(Rd)和光补偿点(LCP)最大,在弱光下消耗有机物最多;‘Sauber’的表观量子效率(AQY)最大,利用弱光能力最强;水分利用效率(RWUE)与净光合速率(Pn)极显著正相关,‘Elliott’嫁接苗的RWUE最大,生产有机物效率更高。荧光分析表明,‘Sauber’嫁接苗的热耗散最大,用于电子传递的量子产额(φEo)以及反应中心捕获的激子将电子传递到初级醌受体(QA)之后受体的概率(ψo)最小,‘Podsednik’嫁接苗的质体醌大小(Sm)、QA被还原次数(N)和质体醌还原速率[Sm/t(Fm)]最高,电子传递效率最高;‘Elliott’嫁接苗的3项荧光性能指数均为最高,‘Sauber’嫁接苗的最小。【结论】‘Elliott’嫁接苗具有更好的光合能力及水分利用效率,对环境的适应性更好,‘Podsednik’嫁接苗的光反应能力更强,‘Sauber’嫁接苗光合能力较弱
Abstract:
【Objective】 This study aimed to explore the differences in photosynthetic and fluorescence characteristics of pecan(Carya illinoensis) grafting plants grafted on different rootstocks, providing a scientific basis for breeding excellent rootstocks and improving cultivation management methods. 【Method】Pecan cultivars ‘Elliott’, ‘Sauber’ and ‘Podsednik’ were used as rootstocks and grafted using a ‘Pawnee’ scion. Next, the photosynthetic characteristics and chlorophyll fluorescence induction kinetics parameters of grafting seedlings were studied. 【Result】The net photosynthetic rate(Pn)and use of light of ‘Elliott’(rootstock: ‘Elliott’; scion: ‘Pawnee’)were higher than those of ‘Sauber’(rootstock: ‘Sauber’; scion: ‘Pawnee’)and ‘Podsednik’(rootstock: ‘Podsednik’; scion: ‘Pawnee’). ‘Podsednik’ showed the highest dark respiration rate(Rd)and light compensation point(LCP), which suggests higher consumption of organic matter under low light. ‘Sauber’ exhibited a greater ability to use low light owing to its higher apparent quantum efficiency(AQY). Water use efficiency(RWUE)and Pn were significantly positively correlated. ‘Elliott’ showed the highest RWUE, which is conducive to organic matter production. Fluorescence analysis indicated that ‘Sauber’ had the highest heat dissipation rate and the lowest lectron transport capacity, whereas ‘Podsednik’ had the biggest normalized total complementary area above the O-I-J-P phase(Sm), the maximum number of primary quinone acceptor(QA)reduction events between time 0 and t(Fm)(N)and the highest reduction rate of plastoquinone [Sm/t(Fm)], leading to more efficient electron transfer. The highest and lowest performance index values were found in ‘Elliott’ and ‘Sauber’, respectively. 【Conclusion】‘Elliott’ grafting seedling exhibited the highest photosynthetic capacity and water use efficiency, whereas ‘Sauber’ grafting seedling had the weakest performance in photosynthesis. ‘Elliott’ grafting seedling showed a greater adaptability to the environment, and ‘Podsednik’ grafting seedling had a higher photoreactive capacity

参考文献/References:


[1] 彭方仁, 李永荣, 郝明灼, 等. 我国薄壳山核桃生产现状与产业化发展策略[J]. 林业科技开发, 2012, 26(4): 1-4. PENG F R, LI Y R, HAO M Z, et al. Pecan production status and development strategy of industry in China[J].China Forestry Science and Technology, 2012, 26(4): 1-4. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8101.2012.04.001.
[2] 张计育,李永荣,宣继萍,等.美国和中国薄壳山核桃产业发展现状分析[J].天津农业科学,2014,20(9):47-51. ZHANG J Y,LI Y R,XUAN J P,et al.Analysis on present situation of pecan industry in USA and China[J].Tianjin Agric Sci,2014,20(9):47-51.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1006-6500.2014.09.011.
[3] XU Q Y,WU J F,CAO Y R,et al.Photosynthetic characteristics of leaves and fruits of Hickory(Carya cathayensis Sarg.)and Pecan(Carya illinoensis K.Koch)during fruit development stages[J].Trees,2016,30(5):1523-1534.DOI:10.1007/s00468-016-1386-5.
[4] 何海洋,彭方仁,张瑞,等.不同品种美国山核桃嫁接苗光合特性比较[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(4):19-25. HE H Y,PENG F R,ZHANG R,et al.Photosynthetic characteristics of grafting plants of different pecan varieties[J].J Nanjing For Univ(Nat Sci Ed),2015,39(4):19-25.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.004.
[5] WOOD B W,BOCK C H.Influence of fungicides on gas exchange of pecan foliage[J].Plant Pathol,2018,67(2):265-276.DOI:10.1111/ppa.12753.
[6] 李小飞,曹凡,彭方仁,等.砧木年龄对美国山核桃嫁接苗光合特性的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2016,40(3):75-80. LI X F,CAO F,PENG F R,et al.Effects of rootstocks ages on the shoot growth and leaf photosynthetic fluorescence characteristics of pecan seedling[J].J Nanjing For Univ(Nat Sci Ed),2016,40(3):75-80.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2016.03.013.
[7] VAN RENSBURG L,KRüGER G H J,EGGENBERG P,et al.Can screening criteria for drought resistance in Nicotiana tabacum L.be derived from the polyphasic rise of the chlorophyll a fluorescence transient(OJIP)?[J].S Afr N J Bot,1996,62(6):337-341.DOI:10.1016/s0254-6299(15)30676-1.
[8] 李健,凌骅,杨先裕,等.美国引进的6个薄壳山核桃品种光合生理特性比较[J].安徽农业大学学报,2018,45(2):258-262. LI J,LIN H,YANG X Y,et al.Comparison of the photosynthetic physiological characteristics of six pecan cultivars introduced from the United States[J].J Anhui Agric Univ,2018,45(2):258-262.DOI:10.13610/j.cnki.1672-352x.20180427.005.
[9] LOMBARDINI L,VOLDER A,NESBITT M L,et al.Consequences of injury caused by Cameraria caryaefoliella (Lepidoptera:Gracillariidae)on pecan gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence[J].J Amer Soc Hort Sci,2013,138(4):263-266.DOI:10.21273/jashs.138.4.263.
[10] 刘壮壮,骆敏,彭方仁,等.不同品种薄壳山核桃光合及快速叶绿素荧光诱导动力学特性[J].东北林业大学学报,2017,45(4):36-42. LIU Z Z,LUO M,PENG F R,et al.Characteristics of photosynthesis and fast chlorophyll fluorescence induction dynamics in different pecan cultivars[J].J Northeast For Univ,2017,45(4):36-42.DOI:10.13759/j.cnki.dlxb.2017.04.008.
[11] 韩杰,沈海萍,储冬生,等.4个薄壳山核桃品种核型分析[J].分子植物育种,2018,16(17):5704-5711. HAN J,SHEN H P,CHU D S,et al.Karyotype analysis of four pecan cultivars[J].Mol Plant Breed,2018,16(17):5704-5711.DOI:10.13271/j.mpb.016.005704.
[12] 叶子飘,于强.一个光合作用光响应新模型与传统模型的比较[J].沈阳农业大学学报,2007,38(6):771-775. YE Z P,YU Q.Comparison of a new model of light response of photosynthesis with traditional models[J].J Shenyang Agric Univ,2007,38(6):771-775.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-1700.2007.06.001.
[13] 武启飞,范俊俊,赵明明,等.5个观赏海棠品种光合特性的研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(4):64-70. WU Q F,FAN J J,ZHAO M M,et al.Study on photosynthetic characteristics of five ornamental crabapple[J].J Nanjing For Univ(Nat Sci Ed),2017,41(4):64-70.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201609014.
[14] 原佳乐,马超,冯雅岚,等.不同抗旱性小麦快速叶绿素荧光诱导动力学曲线对干旱及复水的响应[J].植物生理学报,2018,54(6):1119-1129. YUAN J L,MA C,FENG Y L,et al.Response of chlorophyll fluorescence transient in leaves of wheats with different drought resistances to drought stresses and rehydration[J].Plant Physiol Commun,2018,54(6):1119-1129.DOI:10.13592/j.cnki.ppj.2017.0490.
[15] 李鹏民,高辉远,RETO J S.快速叶绿素荧光诱导动力学分析在光合作用研究中的应用[J].植物生理与分子生物学学报,2005,31(6):559-566. LI P M,GAO H Y,RETO J S.Application of the fast chlorophyll fluorescence induction dynamics analysis in photosynthesis study[J].J Plant Physiol Mol Biol,2005,31(6):559-566.DOI:10.3321/j.issn:1671-3877.2005.06.001.
[16] LIU Y,WANG T L,FANG S,et al.Responses of morphology,gas exchange,photochemical activity of photosystem II,and antioxidant balance in Cyclocarya paliurus to light spectra[J].Front Plant Sci,2018,9:1704.DOI:10.3389/fpls.2018.01704.
[17] VAN HEERDEN P D R,STRASSER R J,KRUGER G H J.Reduction of dark chilling stress in N2-fixing soybean by nitrate as indicated by chlorophyll a fluorescence kinetics[J].Physiol Plant,2004,121(2):239-249.DOI:10.1111/j.0031-9317.2004.0312.x.
[18] 石凯,李泽,张伟建,等.不同光照对油桐幼苗生长、光合日变化及叶绿素荧光参数的影响[J].中南林业科技大学学报,2018,38(8):35-42,50.SHI K,LI Z,ZHANG W J,et al.Influence of different light intensity on the growth,diurnal change of photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence of tung tree seedling[J].J Central South Univ For Technol,2018,38(8):35-42,50.DOI:10.14067/j.cnki.1673-923x.2018.08.006.
[19] 吴思政,梁文斌,聂东伶,等.高温胁迫对不同蓝莓品种光合作用的影响[J].中南林业科技大学学报,2017,37(11):1-8.WU S Z,LIANG W B,NIE D L,et al.Effects of high temperature stress on photosynthesis of different blueberry varieties[J]. J Central South Univ For Technol,2017,37(11):1-8.DOI:10.14067/j.cnki.1673-923x.2017.11.001.
[20] 杨标,刘壮壮,彭方仁,等.干旱胁迫和复水下不同薄壳山核桃品种的生长和光合特性[J].浙江农林大学学报,2017,34(6):991-998. YANG B,LIU Z Z,PENG F R,et al.Growth and photosynthetic characteristics for pecan cultivars during drought stress and recovery[J].J Zhejiang A&F Univ,2017,34(6):991-998.DOI:10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.2017.06.004.
[21] 裴斌,张光灿,张淑勇,等.土壤干旱胁迫对沙棘叶片光合作用和抗氧化酶活性的影响[J].生态学报,2013,33(5):1386-1396. PEI B,ZHANG G C,ZHANG S Y,et al.Effects of soil drought stress on photosynthetic characteristics and antioxidant enzyme activities in Hippophae rhamnoides Linn.seedlings[J].Acta Ecol Sin,2013,33(5):1386-1396.DOI:10.5846/stxb201209281358.
[22] 孙哲,史春余,刘桂玲,等.干旱胁迫与正常供水钾肥影响甘薯光合特性及块根产量的差异[J].植物营养与肥料学报,2016,22(4):1071-1078. SUN Z,SHI C Y,LIU G L,et al.Effect difference of potassium fertilizer on leaf photosynthetic characteristics and storage root yield of sweet potato under drought stress and normal water condition[J].Plant Nutr Fertil Sci,2016,22(4):1071-1078.DOI:10.11674/zwyf.15307.
[23] PADMAVATHI L,RAGHAVENDRA A S.Importance of the cytochrome pathway of mitochondrial electron transport over the alternative pathway during the Kok effect in leaf discs of pea(Pisum sativum)[J].Physiol Plant,2001,113(3):430-434.DOI:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2001.1130318.x.
[24] 赵洁,郎莹,吴畏,等.土壤极端干旱对金银花光合生理生化特性的影响[J].西北植物学报,2017,37(12):2444-2451.ZHAO J,LANG Y,WU W,et al.Effects of soil extreme drought on photo-physiological and photo-biochemical characteristics of Lonicera japonica Thunb.[J].Acta Bot Boreali-Occidentalia Sin,2017,37(12):2444-2451.DOI:10.7606/j.issn.1000-4025.2017.12.2444.
[25] 黄轩,李琬婷,黄晓霞,等.铅胁迫对中华常春藤叶绿素含量及荧光特性的影响[J].分子植物育种,2019,17(16):5469-5475.HUANG X,LI W T,HUANG X X,et al.Effects of lead stress on chlorophyll content and fluorescence characteristics of Chinese ivy(Hedera nepalensis var.sinensis)[J].Mol Plant Breed,2019,17(16):5469-5475.DOI:10.13271/j.mpb.017.005469.
[26] 赵德华,崔建升,段莉丽,等.藻类叶绿素荧光对除草剂生物毒性响应特性的研究[J].光谱学与光谱分析,2018,38(9):2820-2827. ZHAO D H,CUI J S,DUAN L L,et al.Study on biological toxicity response characteristics of algae chlorophyll fluorescence to herbicides[J].Spectrosc Spectr Anal,2018,38(9):2820-2827.DOI:10.3964/j.issn.1000-0593(2018)09-2820-08.
[27] 邱念伟,周峰,顾祝军,等.5种松属树种光合功能及叶绿素快相荧光动力学特征比较[J].应用生态学报,2012,23(5):1181-1187. QIU N W,ZHOU F,GU Z J,et al.Photosynthetic functions and chlorophyll fast fluorescence characteristics of five Pinus species[J].Chin J Appl Ecol,2012,23(5):1181-1187.DOI:10.13287/j.1001-9332.2012.0163.

相似文献/References:

[1]朱海军,刘广勤,曹福亮*,等.施锌对薄壳山核桃幼苗生长及体内锌分配的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2012,36(04):075.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.04.015]
 ZHU Haijun,LIU Guangqin,CAO Fuliang*,et al.Effects of zinc application on seedling growth and zinc distribution in different organs of Carya illinoensis(Wangenh.)K. Koch[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2012,36(02):075.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.04.015]
[2]张瑞,李晖,彭方仁*,等.薄壳山核桃开花特征与可授性研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2014,38(03):050.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.03.010]
 ZHANG Rui,LI Hui,PENG Fangren*,et al.Flowering morphological characteristics, pollen viability and stigma receptivity of Carya illinoinensis[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2014,38(02):050.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.03.010]
[3]张汇慧,吴彩娥*,李永荣,等.不同品种薄壳山核桃营养成分比较[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2014,38(03):055.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.03.011]
 ZHANG Huihui,WU Caie*,LI Yongrong,et al.Comparison of nutritive compositions in different cultivars of pecans[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2014,38(02):055.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.03.011]
[4]李 晖,张 瑞,彭方仁*,等.美国山核桃种质资源遗传多样性ISSR分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(04):007.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.002]
 LI Hui,ZHANG Rui,PENG Fangren*,et al.Genetic diversity and identification of pecan by ISSR markers[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(02):007.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.002]
[5]何海洋,彭方仁*,张 瑞,等.不同品种美国山核桃嫁接苗光合特性比较[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(04):019.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.004]
 HE Haiyang,PENG Fangren*,ZHANG Rui,et al.Photosynthetic characteristics of grafting plants of different pecan varieties[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(02):019.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.004]
[6]周 平,叶 健,窦全琴,等.薄壳山核桃警根瘤蚜的虫瘿发育过程分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(04):026.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.005]
 ZHOU Ping,YE Jian,DOU Quanqin,et al.Auxology analysis of galls of Phylloxera notabilis on Carya illinoensis(Wangenh.)[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(02):026.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.005]
[7]巨云为*,赵盼盼,黄 麟,等.薄壳山核桃主要病害发生规律及防控[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(04):031.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.006]
 JU Yunwei*,ZHAO Panpan,HUANG Lin,et al.Analysis of Carya illinoensis main diseases occurrence and control[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(02):031.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.04.006]
[8]吴文浩,曹 凡,刘壮壮,等.NAA对薄壳山核桃扦插生过程中内源激素含量变化的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2016,40(05):191.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2016.05.030]
 WU Wenhao,CAO Fan,LIU Zhuangzhuang,et al.Effects of NAA treatment on the endogenous hormone changes in cuttings of Carya illinoinensis during rooting[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2016,40(02):191.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2016.05.030]
[9]韩明慧,彭方仁*,邓秋菊,等.薄壳山核桃雌雄花芽分化外部形态与内部结构的关系[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(06):001.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201703020]
 HAN Minghui,PENG Fangren*,DENG Qiuju,et al.Observation of morphological and anatomical characters on staminate and pistillate flower differentiation in Carya illinoensis(Wangenh.)C. Koch[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(02):001.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201703020]
[10]冯 刚,裴 文,吴亚云,等.环割和摘心对薄壳山核桃枝条生长和叶片碳氮代谢物积累的影响[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(06):008.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201703025]
 FENG Gang,PEI Wen,WU Yayun,et al.Effects of ringing and cutting off growing-tip on shoot growth andcarbon-nitrogen metabolite accumulation in leaves of pecan[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(02):008.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201703025]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-11-26 修回日期:2019-09-12基金项目:江苏省林业科技创新与推广项目(LYKJ [2018] 05-1); 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)。 第一作者:李晓锐(1454810494@qq.com)。*通信作者:彭方仁(frpeng@njfu.edu.cn),教授,ORCID(0000-0002-9001-2552)。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-25