[1]何 斌,李 青,冯 图,等.不同林龄马尾松人工林针叶功能性状及其与土壤养分的关系[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2020,44(02):181-190.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201904038.]
 HE Bin,LI Qing,FENG Tu,et al.Variation in leaf functional traits of different-aged Pinus massoniana communities and relationships with soil nutrients[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2020,44(02):181-190.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201904038.]
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不同林龄马尾松人工林针叶功能性状及其与土壤养分的关系
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《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
44
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
181-190
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-03-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Variation in leaf functional traits of different-aged Pinus massoniana communities and relationships with soil nutrients
文章编号:
1000-2006(2020)02-0181-10
作者:
何 斌1李 青1冯 图1薛晓辉1李望军1刘 勇2
(1.贵州省普通高等学校生物资源开发与生态修复特色重点实验室,贵州工程应用技术学院,贵州 毕节 551700; 2.北京林业大学林学院,省部共建森林培育与保护教育部重点实验室,北京 100083)
Author(s):
HE Bin1 LI Qing1 FENG Tu1 XUE Xiaohui1 LI Wangjun1 LIU Yong2
(1. The Key Laboratory of Biological Resources and Ecological Remediation of Guizhou Province, Guizhou Engineering Vocational College, Bijie 551700, China; 2.Forestry College, Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China)
关键词:
林龄 马尾松 叶功能性状 土壤养分 针叶 喀斯特地区
Keywords:
stand age Pinus massoniana leaf functional trait soil nutrient needle Karst region
分类号:
S718.5
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201904038.
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】植物功能性状将植物与环境的结构、过程与功能有机联系起来,反映了植物对环境的适应机制。探究马尾松叶功能性状对林龄和土壤养分的响应,揭示马尾松人工林对喀斯特环境的适应策略,为喀斯特地区更好地营造马尾松人工林提供科学依据。【方法】以黔西北地区14、26、33年生马尾松人工林群落为研究对象,用空间代替时间的方法来分析不同林龄对马尾松叶功能性状和土壤养分的影响。【结果】8个叶功能性状中变异系数最小的是有机碳(OC)含量,最大的是比叶面积(SLA),除SLA和叶面积(LA)外,其他叶功能性状均属弱变异;随着林龄的增长,马尾松叶功能性状值(除叶干物质含量外)均呈增长的趋势,各叶功能性状之间存在一定的相关性;土壤全磷含量和土壤有机碳含量是影响不同林龄马尾松叶功能性状的主要土壤因子。【结论】不同林龄马尾松叶功能性状的差异表明马尾松针叶具有较强的可塑性,可以通过性状的耦合协调或组合来适应环境。植物功能性状对土壤理化性质的响应是一个长期的过程,需加强长期监测
Abstract:
【Objective】 Plant functional traits, termed as morpho-physio-phenological traits, are a bridge between plants and their environmental factors, which link plants and environmental structures, processes and functions, reflecting the responses and adaptations of plants to the environment.Variation in leaf functional traits is an important strategy used by plants to respond and adapt to changes in environmental conditions. On the basis of various leaf functional traits of different-aged Pinus massoniana communities as well as the relationships between the traits and soil nutrients, the adaptation strategy of P. massoniana in relation to soil conditions was analyzed in the Karst environment, which provided a scientific basis for better development of P. massoniana plantations in the Karst area. 【Method】 In the present study, experiments were carried out at nine sampling points along an age gradient(14, 26 and 33)in P. massoniana plantations in the northwestern region of Guizhou Province. Three fixed sample plots of 20 m × 30 m were established for each community type. In each sample, five strains of P. massoniana with good growth and without pests and diseases were randomly selected, and 200 bundles of needles were collected per plant to measure the functional traits. The leaf functional traits(leaf thickness, leaf area, leaf dry matter content, specific leaf area, leaf organic C content, leaf total N content, and leaf total P content)and soil nutrients(soil organic matter, soil total nitrogen, soil available nitrogen, soil total phosphorus, soil available phosphorus)in different-aged communities were measured. Pearson correlation analysis and stepwise regression analysis were used to study the relationship between the different leaf functional traits of species in the different-aged communities and soil nutrients. 【Result】 Among the eight leaf functional traits, the smallest coefficient of variation was observed for w(OC), and the largest was observed for specific leaf area(SSLA). In addition to SSLA and leaf area(SLA), other leaf functional traits were weakly variable. With increasing stand age, SSLA, SLA, TL, LL/DL, w(TP), w(TN), and w(OC)increased and w(LDM)decreased. Pearson correlation analysis showed that LL/DL was significantly positively correlated with SLA and wLTP and positively correlated with TL; TL was significantly positively correlated with SLA, SSLA, w(OC), w(TN),and w(TP); SLA was significantly positively correlated with SSLA, w(OC), w(TN),and w(TP); w(LDM)was significantly negatively correlated with LL/DL, TL, SLA, SSLA, w(OC), w(TN),and w(TP); SSLA was significantly positively correlated with w(TN)and w(TP)and was positively correlated withw(OC); w(OC)was positively correlated with w(TN)and w(TP); and w(TN)was significantly positively correlated with w(TP). These results indicated that P. massoniana was capable of changing the leaf morphological structure to adapt to environmental changes. The soil organic carbon content, total nitrogen content, total phosphorus content, available nitrogen content, and available phosphorus content in P. massoniana plantations showed an increasing trend with increasing stand age, and the change in stand age had a significant effect on these characteristics. Soil total phosphorus content was the main factor affecting LL/DL, TL, SLA, w(LDM), SSLA and w(TP), whereas soil organic carbon content mainly affected w(LDM), w(TP)and w(TN). Therefore, soil total phosphorus and organic carbon content were the main factors that affected the leaf functional traits of P. massoniana in different-aged stands. 【Conclusion】 Soil nutrients in P. massoniana communities were improved with increasing stand age, which eventually affected leaf functional traits. The flexibility of leaf functional traits indicated that P. massoniana communities had great potential to adapt to environmental changes in the Karst region through the combination of functional traits. The response of functional traits to soil physicochemical properties is an elaborate process; we need to monitor their response over long term and conduct further research

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-04-17 修回日期:2019-10-29基金项目:贵州省科技合作计划项目(黔科合LH字[2015]7591); 贵州省普通高等学校科技拔尖人才支持计划(黔教合KY字[2016]099); 贵州省重点学科“生态学”项目(ZDXK[2013]11)。 第一作者:何斌(hebin123kewen@163.com),副教授,ORCID(0000-0002-0055-2628)。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-25