[1]郑凌予,蒲海霞,江泽平.基于绿视率的城市公园空间满意度调查研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2020,44(4):199-204.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201912006]
 ZHENG Lingyu,PU Haixia,JIANG Zeping.A study on spatial satisfaction of urban parks based on visible green index[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2020,44(4):199-204.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201912006]
点击复制

基于绿视率的城市公园空间满意度调查研究/HTML
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
44
期数:
2020年4期
页码:
199-204
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-09-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
A study on spatial satisfaction of urban parks based on visible green index
文章编号:
1000-2006(2020)04-0199-06
作者:
郑凌予 蒲海霞 江泽平
作者单位:重庆工商大学旅游与国土资源学院 重庆 400067; 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所 北京 100091
Author(s):
ZHENG Lingyu1 PU Haixia1 JIANG Zeping2
(1.College of Tourism and Land Resources, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067,China; 2.Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry,Beijing 100091, China)
关键词:
城市公园 感知 空间满意度 绿视率 植视率 水视率
Keywords:
urban park perception spatial satisfaction visible green index visible plant index visible water index
分类号:
S714
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201912006
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 以城市公园动态图像采集和空间满意度评价为基础,探讨绿视率对空间满意度的影响与相互关系,为科学评价基于心理感知的城市绿色空间质量,促进城市绿色空间结构优化提供理论依据。 方法 以城市公园为调查目的地,通过动态图像采集、图像绿视率分析、动态满意度与静态满意度评价,结合社会人口学背景分析绿视率与空间满意度的相互关系与影响因素。 结果 城市公园动态空间满意度评价和静态空间满意度评价呈显著的线性相关;超过50%图片样本的绿视率集中在30%~60%区间,并且绿视率与空间满意度呈现显著的弱负相关性;静态空间满意度评价存在户籍和性别的组间显著性差异。 结论 人类偏好30%~60%绿视率,植被元素对个人空间满意度评价影响更大,静态满意度评价由于缺少与真实环境的感官交互作用,更容易受到社会人口学背景的影响。
Abstract:
Objective This paper discusses the influence and correlation of the visible green index on spatial satisfaction based on urban park dynamic image collection and evaluation of spatial satisfaction. It provides a theoretical basis for scientific evaluation of urban green space quality based on psychological perception, thereby promoting the optimization of the urban green space structure. Method Using urban parks as the investigation destination, the correlation between the visible green index and spatial satisfaction and the factors influencing this correlation was analyzed through urban park dynamic image collection, the visible green index analysis of images, evaluation of dynamic and static spatial satisfaction, and the social demographic background. Result There was a significant linear correlation between dynamic spatial satisfaction and static spatial satisfaction. The visible green index of more than 50% of the image samples was concentrated in the range of 30%-60%, and there was a significant weakly negative correlation between the visible green index and spatial satisfaction. Further, there were significant differences between household groups and gender in static spatial satisfaction. Conclusion Human beings prefer a 30%-60% visible green index, and vegetation elements have a greater impact on personal spatial satisfaction. Static satisfaction is more susceptible to the social demographic background due to the lack of sensory interaction in the real environment.

参考文献/References:

1 HAN K T. Influence of limitedly visible leafy indoor plants on the psychology, behavior,and health of students at a junior high school in Taiwan[J]. Environ Behav, 2009, 41(5): 658-692. DOI:10.1177/0013916508314476.
2 KAPLAN S. Aesthetics, affect, and cognition[J]. Environ Behav, 1987, 19(1): 3-32. DOI:10.1177/0013916587191001.
3 KAPLAN S. The restorative benefits of nature: toward an integrative framework[J]. J Environ Psychol, 1995, 15(3): 169-182. DOI:10.1016/0272-4944(95)90001-2.
4 ULRICH R S, SIMONS R F, LOSITO B D, et al. Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments[J]. J Environ Psychol, 1991, 11(3): 201-230. DOI:10.1016/s0272-4944(05)80184-7.
5 LIU L L. Indexes of citizen’s satisfaction about urban public spaces[J]. Urban Probl, 2012(7): 65-68, 72. DOI:10.13239/j.bjsshkxy.cswt.2012.07.007.
6 ZHANG J G,WEI W,CHENG Y Y,et al. Study on site selection of small and medium?sized city parks based on GIS suitability evaluation[J]. J Nanjing For Univ (Nat Sci Ed),2020,44(1):171-178. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201810036.
7 LU L, LIU J, ZHOU X. Comprehensive diagnosis model of satisfaction for urban public open space[J]. J Xi’an Univ Archit Technol (Nat Sci Ed), 2015, 47(6): 915-919, 924. DOI:10.15986/j.1006-7930.2015.06.029.
8 XU X Z,LU Z C,QIU B,et al.Suitability evaluation of functional layout of National Urban Wetland Park in Jiangsu Province[J].J Nanjing For Univ (Nat Sci Ed),2019,43(6):152-158.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201903006.
9 LI C J, MA J, CHAI Y W, et al. Influence of neighborhood environment and noise pollution on residents’ mental health in Beijing[J]. Prog Geogr, 2019, 38(7), 1103-1110.
10 LI Y, LUO J P. The influence factors of residential satisfaction of urban floating population in China[J]. Chongqing Soc Sci, 2014(7): 61-68. DOI:10.19631/j.cnki.css.2014.07.009.
11 TALBOT J F, KAPLAN R. The benefits of nearby nature for elderly apartment residents[J]. Int J Aging Hum Dev, 1991, 33(2): 119-130. DOI:10.2190/xk9q-3mdl-xyw9-9ql3.
12 XU Z M, WU J P. Residential greening environment and the physical and mental health of residents: the mediating role of life satisfaction[J]. Psychol Tech Appl, 2015, 3(6): 7-13. DOI:10.16842/j.cnki.issn2095-5588.2015.06.003.
13 ZHANG J Q, LIU H, QI Y X, et al.Living environment and life satisfaction of aged population in Beijing Municipality[J]. Prog Geogr, 2015, 34(12): 1628-1636.
14 PHILLIPS D R, SIU O L, YEH A G O, et al. The impacts of dwelling conditions on older persons’ psychological well?being in Hong Kong: the mediating role of residential satisfaction[J]. Soc Sci Med, 2005, 60(12): 2785-2797. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.11.027.
15 LESLIE E, CERIN E. Are perceptions of the local environment related to neighbourhood satisfaction and mental health in adults?[J]. Prev Med, 2008, 47(3): 273-278. DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.01.014.
16
17 XIAO X, WEI Y K, LI M. The method of measurement and applications of visible green index in Japan[J]. Urban Plan Int, 2018, 33(2): 98-103.
18
19 LONG Y, LI U. How green are the streets? An analysis for central areas of Chinese cities using Tencent Street View[J]. PLoS One, 2017, 12(2): e0171110. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171110.
20 CHOI J Y, PARK S A, JUNG S J, et al.Physiological and psychological responses of humans to the index of greenness of an interior space[J]. Complementary Ther Med, 2016, 28: 37-43. DOI:10.1016/j.ctim.2016.08.002.
21 WU L L, WANG Y. The green looking ratio of urban roads and its major factors: example as Zhangjiagang City[J]. J Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ Agric Sci, 2009, 27(3): 267-271.
22 AOKI Y. Evaluation methods for landscapes with greenery[J]. Landsc Res, 1991, 16(3): 3-6. DOI:10.1080/01426399108706344.
23 HAN K T. The effect of nature and physical activity on emotions and attention while engaging in green exercise[J]. Urban For Urban Green, 2017, 24: 5-13. DOI:10.1016/j.ufug.2017.03.012.
24 CHEN M, DAI F, LI W P, et al. A study of urban greening assessment based on visible green index: a case study of Jianghan District in Wuhan[J]. J Chin Urban For, 2019, 17(3): 1-6.
25 WU Z W, MA X, YANG X. Survey of the green seeing rate of the high density City residential areas: a case study of Beijing[J]. Huazhong Archit, 2014, 32(2): 85-89. DOI:10.13942/j.cnki.hzjz.2014.02.019.
26 WEI Y K. Research on visible green index evaluation of high density urban area on Macau peninsula[D].Guangzhou: South China Agricultural University, 2016.
27 ULRICH R S. Visual landscapes and psychological well?being[J]. Landsc Res, 1979, 4(1): 17-23.DOI:10.1080/01426397908705892.
28 BELL S.Landscape: pattern, perception and process[M]. London: Taylor & Francis, 2013. DOI:10.4324/9780203014882.
29 DE LA BARRERA F, REYES?PAECKE S, HARRIS J, et al. People’s perception influences on the use of green spaces in socio?economically differentiated neighborhoods[J]. Urban For Urban Green, 2016, 20: 254-264. DOI:10.1016/j.ufug. 2016. 09.007.
30 GRAHN P, STIGSDOTTER U K. The relation between perceived sensory dimensions of urban green space and stress restoration[J]. Landsc Urban Plan, 2010, 94(3/4): 264-275. DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2009.10.012.
31 KAPLAN R. The nature of the view from home[J]. Environ Behav, 2001, 33(4): 507-542. DOI:10.1177/00139160121973115.
32

相似文献/References:

[1]洪志猛.厦门城市公园植物群落的物种丰富度调查分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2009,33(02):051.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.013]
 HONG Zhi meng.Investigation on species abundances of plant communities at Xiamen city parks[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2009,33(4):051.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2009.02.013]
[2]陈 荻,邱 冰*,刘滨谊.基于分层思想的城市公园有机更新模式探讨——以上海黄兴公园改造方案为例[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2014,38(04):153.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.04.030]
 CHEN Di,QIU Bing*,et al.Organic renewal model for city park based on hierarchical thinking: a case study of the transformation program in Shanghai Huangxing Park[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2014,38(4):153.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2014.04.030]
[3]张金光,韦 薇,承颖怡,等.基于GIS适宜性评价的中小城市公园选址研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2020,44(01):171.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201810036]
 ZHANG Jinguang,WEI Wei,CHENG Yingyi,et al.Study on site selection of small and medium-sized city parks based on GIS suitability evaluation[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2020,44(4):171.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201810036]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-12-03
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-08-13