[1]储吴樾,范俊俊,张往祥*.观赏海棠花期物候稳定性及其对温度变化的响应[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2020,44(05):049-54.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201903010]
 CHU Wuyue,FAN Junjun,ZHANG Wangxiang*.Phenological stability of ornamental crabapple and its response to temperature change[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2020,44(05):049-54.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201903010]
点击复制

观赏海棠花期物候稳定性及其对温度变化的响应
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
44
期数:
2020年05期
页码:
049-54
栏目:
专题报道Ⅱ(执行主编 方升佐)
出版日期:
2020-09-23

文章信息/Info

Title:
Phenological stability of ornamental crabapple and its response to temperature change
文章编号:
1000-2006(2020)05-0049-06
作者:
储吴樾1 范俊俊1 张往祥12*
(1.南京林业大学林学院,江苏 南京 210037; 2.扬州小苹果园艺有限公司,江苏 扬州 225200)
Author(s):
CHU Wuyue1FAN Junjun1ZHANG Wangxiang12*
(1.College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037,China; 2. Yangzhou Small Apple Gardening Co., Ltd., Yangzhou 225200,China)
关键词:
观赏海棠 初花期群组 花期物候 低温 标准偏差
Keywords:
ornamental crabapple florescence phenological order flowering phenology low temperature standard deviation
分类号:
S685.99
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201903010
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】研究多品种海棠初花期物候特征,探究花期与温度的内在联系,并在品种水平上揭示花期稳定性差异及变化规律。【方法】使用67个海棠品种的4年初花期物候数据对多品种海棠初花期稳定性进行分析,并使用多年的气象数据对多品种海棠初花期群组物候标准偏差(σ)的计算结果进行研究。【结果】2014—2016年多品种海棠初花期日期顺序与2013年的初花期均有较高的相关性。晚花期品种的σ值大于早、中花期σ值。早花期品种群与中花期品种群的σ值和开花前一年10月1日至12月1日期间小于6 ℃的天数呈显著负相关(P<0.05),而晚花期品种群σ值与开花前一年10月1日至开花当年2月1日期间小于4 ℃(P<0.05)及开花前一年10月1日至开花当年3月1日期间小于4 ℃(P<0.05)的天数呈显著负相关。【结论】低温对于海棠初花期稳定性有着重要影响:一方面,早、中花期品种相对于晚花期品种而言对低温需求更大,且休眠时间限制更加严格; 另一方面,晚花期品种间初花期顺序的稳定性更低
Abstract:
【Objective】We study the phenological characteristics of the early-flowering stage of several varieties of ornamental crabapple, to explore the internal relationship between the flowering stage and temperature, and to reveal the differences and changes in flowering stability at a variety level. 【Method】Four-year phenological data from 67 varieties of ornamental crabapple were analyzed to determine the stability of multiple ornamental crabapple varieties, and the results of standard deviation of phenology(σ)of multiple varieties of ornamental crabapple were studied using temperature data over many years. 【Result】From 2014 to 2016, there was a strong correlation of the date sequence of early flowering with that of 2013. The σ value of late-flowering varieties was higher than that of early-and mid-flowering varieties. There was a significant negative correlation(P<0.05)between the σ value of the early florescence and middle florescence; this correlation was also noted between the σ value of the late florescence and days with temperature below 6 ℃ from October 1st to December 1st in the year before florescence, between the σ value of the late florescence and days with a temperature below 4 ℃(P<0.05)from October 1st to February 1st in the year before florescence, and between October 1st to March 1st in the year before florescence. 【Conclusion】 A low temperature has an important effect on the stability of ornamental crabapple at the early-flowering stage. The varieties in the early-and mid-flowering stage required a lower temperature than that required at the late-flowering stage, and the time limit for breaking dormancy was more strict. In contrast, the stability of the early-flowering sequence among the late-flowering varieties was lower

参考文献/References:


[1] 竺可桢,宛敏渭.物候学[M].增订本,北京:科学出版社,1980.
[2] FITCHETT J M,GRAB S W,THOMPSON D I.Plant phenology and climate change progress in methodological approaches and application[J].Prog Phys Geogr,2015,39(4):460-482. DOI:10.1177/0309133315578940.
[3] GIENAPP P,HEMERIK L,VISSER M E.A new statistical tool to predict phenology under climate change scenarios[J].Glob Chang Biol,2005,11(4):600-606. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.00925.x.
[4] OHASHI Y,KAWAKAMI H,SHIGETA Y,et al.The phenology of cherry blossom(Prunus yedoensis ‘Somei-yoshino')and the geographic features contributing to its flowering[J].Int J Biometeorol,2012,56(5):903-914. DOI:10.1007/s00484-011-0496-4.
[5] EL YAACOUBI A,MALAGI G,OUKABLI A,et al.Global warming impact on floral phenology of fruit tree s species in Mediterranean region[J].Sci Hortic,2014,180:243-253. DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2014.10.041.
[6] 龚春,王慧,易金生,等.赣无系列油茶不同品系花期观测[J].经济林研究,2012,30(2):121-124.GONG C,WANG H,YI J S,et al.Observation on florescence of difference Ganwu clones in Camellia oleifera[J].Nonwood For Res,2012,30(2):121-124. DOI:10.14067/j.cnki.1003-8981.2012.02.031.
[7] 饶红欣,彭信海,王萍,等.日本樱花花期观测与规律分析[J].经济林研究,2014,32(2):133-135.RAO H X,PENG X H,WANG P,et al.Observation and analysis on flowering phase in Prunus yedoensis[J].Nonwood For Res,2014,32(2):133-135. DOI:10.14067/j.cnki.1003-8981.2014.02.020.
[8] 李育农. 苹果属植物种质资源研究[M]. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2001.
[9] 楚爱香,汤庚国.观赏海棠品种分类研究进展[J].生物学通报,2008,43(7):15-17,封4.CHU A X,TANG G G.Advances in research on classification of ornamental crabapple[J].Bull Biol,2008,43(7):15-17,cover 4. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.0006-3193.2008.07.005.
[10] 郑杨,曲晓玲,郭翎,等.观赏海棠资源谱系分析及育种研究进展[J].山东农业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,39(1):152-160.ZHENG Y,QU X L,GUO L,et al.Advances on ornamental crabapple resources[J].J Shandong Agric Univ(Nat Sci Ed),2008,39(1):152-160. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2324.2008.01.033.
[11] 魏宏亮.观赏海棠开花节律特征研究[D].南京:南京林业大学,2015.WEI H L.Study on flowering rhythm characteristics of ornamental crabapple[D].Nanjing:Nanjing Forestry University,2015.
[12] 张往祥,魏宏亮,江志华,等.观赏海棠品种群的花期物候特征研究[J].园艺学报,2014,41(4):713-725.ZHANG W X,WEI H L,JIANG Z H,et al.Studies on flowering phenological characteristics of ornamental crabapple cultivar group[J].Acta Hortic Sin,2014,41(4):713-725. DOI:10.16420/j.issn.0513-353x.2014.04.015.
[13] 孙凡雅,沈向,康鸾,等.观赏海棠杂交后代萌芽期观察及花期预测的灰色关联度分析[J].植物资源与环境学报,2008,17(4):51-54.SUN F Y,SHEN X,KANG L,et al.Observation of sprouting stage and grey relational degree analysis on flowering stage forecast of hybrid progenies of crabapple(Malus spp.)[J].J Plant Resour Environ,2008,17(4):51-54. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-7895.2008.04.010
[14] SHI P J,CHEN Z H,REDDY G V P,et al.Timing of cherry tree blooming: contrasting effects of rising winter low temperatures and early spring temperatures[J].Agric For Meteorol,2017,240/241:78-89. DOI:10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.04.001.
[15] 宛敏渭,刘秀珍.中国物候观测方法[M].北京:科学出版社,1979.
[16] JOSE E, N O E, NEZ-GO M P M, et al. Chilling and heat requirements of almond cultivars forowering[J]. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2003(50): 79-85.
[17] BRODY A K.Effects of pollinators,herbivores,and seed predators on flowering phenology[J].Ecology,1997,78(6):1624-1631. DOI:10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[1624:EOPHAS]2.0.CO; b2.
[18] FORREST J,MILLER-RUSHING A J.Toward a synthetic understanding of the role of phenology in ecology and evolution[J].Philos Trans Royal Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci,2010,365(1555):3101-3112. DOI:10.1098/rstb.2010.0145.
[19] KORNER C,BASLER D.Phenology under global warming[J].Science,2010,327(5972):1461-1462. DOI:10.1126/science.1186473.
[20] 仲舒颖,葛全胜,郑景云,等.近30年北京自然历的主要物候期、物候季节变化及归因[J].植物生态学报,2012,36(12):1217-1225.ZHONG S Y,GE Q S,ZHENG J Y,et al.Changes of main phenophases of natural calendar and phenological seasons in Beijing for the last 30 years[J].Chin J Plant Ecol,2012,36(12):1217-1225. DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1258.2012.01217.
[21] GUO L,DAI J H,RANJITKAR S,et al.Chilling and heat requirements for flowering in temperate fruit trees[J].Int J Biometeorol,2014,58(6):1195-1206. DOI:10.1007/s00484-013-0714-3.
[22] GUO L,DAI J H,WANG M C,et al.Responses of spring phenology in temperate zone trees to climate warming:a case study of apricot flowering in China[J].Agric For Meteorol,2015,201:1-7. DOI:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.10.016.
[23] HARRINGTON C A,GOULD P.Tradeoffs between chilling and forcing in satisfying dormancy requirements for Pacific Northwest tree species[J].Front Plant Sci,2015,6:120. DOI:10.3389/fpls.2015.00120.
[24] HARRINGTON C A,GOULD P J,STCLAIR J B.Modeling the effects of winter environment on dormancy release of Douglas-fir[J].For Ecol Manag,2010,259(4):798-808. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.06.018.
[25] LINKOSALO T, HANNAK L, PERTTI H. A comparison of phenological models of leaf bud burst and floweringof boreal trees using independent observations[J]. Tree Physiology, 2008(28): 1873-1882.

相似文献/References:

[1]吴晓星,刘凤栾,房义福*,等.36个欧美观赏海棠品种(种)应用价值的综合评价[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(01):093.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.01.017]
 WU Xiaoxing,LIU Fengluan,FANG Yifu*,et al.A comprehensive evaluation on application value of 36 Euro-American ornamental crabapples[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(05):093.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.01.017]
[2]武启飞,等.5个观赏海棠品种光合特性的研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(04):064.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201609014]
 WU Qifei,FAN Junjun,et al.Study on photosynthetic characteristics of five ornamental crabapple[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(05):064.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201609014]
[3]张 晶,浦 静,赵 聪,等.3个观赏海棠半同胞家系子代叶色动态分析与初选[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(03):037.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201712046]
 ZHANG Jing,PU Jing,ZHAO Cong,et al.Dynamic analysis and original selection of the leafcolor of three ornamental crabapple progeny[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(05):037.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201712046]
[4]荣 浩,黄 彬,周 琦,等.61个观赏海棠品种的SSR指纹图谱构建及遗传多样性分析[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(03):045.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201801004]
 RONG Hao,HUANG Bin,ZHOU Qi,et al.The construction of fingerprints and genetic diversity analysis of 61 Malus crabapple cultivars based on SSR markers[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(05):045.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201801004]
[5]黄 彬,倪州献,周 婷,等.观赏海棠SSR-PCR体系优化及引物筛选应用[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(03):051.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201801006]
 HUANG Bin,NI Zhouxian,ZHOU Ting,et al.Optimization of SSR-PCR reaction system and primer sceening in Malus crabapple[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(05):051.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201801006]
[6]杨祎凡,周 婷,范俊俊,等.基于切花应用的观赏海棠品种评价与筛选[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(04):070.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201803044]
 YANG Yifan,ZHOU Ting,FAN Junjun,et al.Cultivar evaluation and selection in ornamental crabapple for cut flower application[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2019,43(05):070.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201803044]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-03-04 修回日期:2020-02-23 基金项目:国家林业和草原局知识产权转化运用项目([2019]14号); 江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目(CX(18)3076)。 第一作者:储吴樾(601170230@qq.com), ORCID(0000-0002-4907-4997)。*通信作者:张往祥(malus2011@163.com),教授,ORCID(0000-0002-2647-5608)。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01