[1]王云鹏,张 蕊*,周志春,等.10年生木荷生长和材性性状家系变异及选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2020,44(05):085-92.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.202005086]
 WANG Yunpeng,ZHANG Rui*,ZHOU Zhichun,et al.A variation and selection of growth and wood traits for 10-year-old Schima superba[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2020,44(05):085-92.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.202005086]
点击复制

10年生木荷生长和材性性状家系变异及选择
分享到:

《南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1000-2006/CN:32-1161/S]

卷:
44
期数:
2020年05期
页码:
085-92
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-09-23

文章信息/Info

Title:
A variation and selection of growth and wood traits for 10-year-old Schima superba
文章编号:
1000-2006(2020)05-0085-08
作者:
王云鹏1张 蕊1*周志春1华 斌2黄少华2马丽珍2范辉华3
(1. 中国林业科学研究院亚热带林业研究所, 浙江省林木育种技术重点实验室,浙江 杭州 311400; 2. 杭州市富阳区农业林业资源保护中心,浙江 杭州 311400; 3. 福建省建瓯市林业技术推广中心, 福建 建瓯 353100; 4. 福建省林业科学研究院,福建 福州 350012)
Author(s):
WANG Yunpeng1 ZHANG Rui1* ZHOU Zhichun1 HUA Bin2 HUANG Shaohua2 MA Lizhen2 FAN Huihua3
(1. Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding, Hangzhou 311400, China; 2. Agriculture and Forestry Resources Protection Center of Fuyang District, Hangzhou, Hangzhou 311400,China; 3. Forestry Technology Popularization Center of Jian'ou, Jian'ou 353100, China; 4. Fujian Academy of Forestry Sciences, Fuzhou 350012, China)
关键词:
木荷 生长性状 木材基本密度 遗传变异 家系选择
Keywords:
Schima superba growth trait basic wood density genetic variation family selection
分类号:
S722.5
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.202005086
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【目的】分析10年生木荷优树自由授粉家系生长和材性性状的遗传变异及相关性,选择生长兼材性优良的家系,为木荷高世代育种和改良提供材料。【方法】以2008年在福建建瓯营建的113个木荷优树自由授粉家系为材料,探讨树高、胸径和木材基本密度的遗传变异规律,并进行遗传参数估算和相关性分析,在此基础上选择生长和材性兼优的家系。【结果】10年生木荷优树自由授粉家系的树高、胸径和木材基本密度均在家系间呈极显著差异。木材基本密度受遗传效应影响较大,而树高和胸径除受遗传控制,还受遗传和环境互作的影响。树高和胸径在产地间差异极显著,而木材基本密度差异不显著。表型变异系数和遗传变异系数由大到小依次为胸径(12.13%和7.74%)、树高(8.28%和3.58%)、木材基本密度(2.82%和1.92%),说明胸径在家系间变异较大,木材基本密度变异较小。遗传力估算结果显示,家系遗传力和单株遗传力由大到小依次为木材基本密度(0.48和0.42)、胸径(0.44和0.35)、树高(0.32和0.26),它们受中度偏强的遗传控制; 表型和遗传相关结果显示,树高与胸径间呈极显著正相关,而树高和胸径与木材基本密度间无相关性,因此,生长性状与木材基本密度可独立选择。以分别大于家系胸径均值的10%和木材基本密度平均值为选择标准,选择出13个生长兼材性优良的家系,胸径和木材基本密度的平均遗传增益分别为6.99%和1.18%,平均现实增益分别为16.08%和2.42%。【结论】供试木荷生长性状除遗传控制,还受遗传与环境互作的影响,木材基本密度受遗传效应的影响较大。胸径具有较强的变异性; 木材基本密度受遗传控制较强。生长性状和木材基本密度可独立选择。本次从113个木荷优树自由授粉家系中选择出了13个生长兼材性优良的家系
Abstract:
【Objective】 To analyze the genetic variation and correlation of growth and wood traits in 10-year-old Schima superba open-pollinated families and select families with excellent growth and wood traits that can provide quality material for high-generation breeding and improvement of S. superba. 【Method】The 113 open-pollinated families of S. superba plus trees established in Jian'ou of Fujian Province in 2008 were used as experimental materials. Genetic variation, genetic parameter estimation and the correlation analysis were carried out on tree height, diameter at breast height(DBH)and basic wood density. On this basis, families with high-quality growth and wood traits were selected. 【Result】 The tree height, DBH and basic wood density of the 10-year-old S. superba open-pollinated families showed significant differences among families. The basic wood density was greatly affected by genetic effects, while tree height and DBH were affected by genetic and environmental effects in addition to the genetic control. The differences in tree height and DBH between producing areas were highly significant, while the differences in basic wood density were not significant. The phenotype variation coefficient and genetic variation coefficient were followed by DBH(12.13%, 7.74%), tree height(8.28%, 3.58%), and basic wood density(2.82%, 1.92%), indicating a large variation between families in DBH and a small variation in basic wood density. The results of heritability estimation showed that the family heritability and the individual heritability were in the order of basic wood density(0.48, 0.42), DBH(0.44, 0.35)and tree height(0.32, 0.26), which were subject to moderate to strong genetic control. Phenotypic and genetic correlation results showed that there was a very significant positive correlation between tree height and DBH, while there was no correlation between growth traits and basic wood density. Therefore, growth traits and basic wood density could be independently selected. Thirteen families with excellent growth and wood traits were selected with the criteria of higher than 10% of the mean DBH and the average basic wood density. The average genetic gains of DBH and basic wood density were 6.99% and 1.18%, respectively, and the average real gains were 16.08% and 2.42%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 The tree height and DBH were affected by genetic and environmental interactions in addition to the genetic control, while the basic wood density was greatly affected by genetic effects. The DBH had strong variability, and the basic wood density was strongly controlled by genetics. Growth traits and basic wood density could be selected independently. Thirteen families with excellent growth and wood traits were selected

参考文献/References:


[1] 王明庥.森林遗传管理的现代基础理论与技术:林木遗传育种学[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2001,25(5):1-5.WANG M X.Modern basic theory and technique for forest genetic management:forest genetics and breeding[J].J Nanjing For Univ(Nat Sci Ed),2001,25(5):1-5. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2001.05.001.
[2] WHITE T L,ADAMS W T,NEALE D B.Forest genetics[M].Beijing:Science Press,2013:115-119.
[3] 季孔庶,樊民亮,徐立安.马尾松无性系种子园半同胞子代变异分析和家系选择[J].林业科学,2005,41(6):43-49.JI K S,FAN M L,XU L A.Variation analysis and plus family selection on half-sib progenies from clonal seed orchard of Pinus massoniana[J].Sci Silvae Sin,2005,41(6):43-49.
[4] 欧阳芳群,祁生秀,范国霞,等.青海云杉自由授粉家系遗传变异与基于BLUP的改良代亲本选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(6):53-59.OUYANG F Q,QI S X,FAN G X,et al.Genetic variation and improved parents selection of open pollination families of Picea crassifolia Kom.basing one BLUP method[J].J Nanjing For Univ(Nat Sci Ed),2019,43(6):53-59.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201812002.
[5] 刘天颐,刘纯鑫,黄少伟,等.火炬松核心育种群体子代生长变异与选择[J].林业科学,2013,49(2):27-32.LIU T Y,LIU C X,HUANG S W,et al.Growth variation and selection to the progeny of nucleus breeding population of Pinus taeda[J].Sci Silvae Sin,2013,49(2):27-32.
[6] 冯源恒,李火根,杨章旗,等.广西马尾松第2代育种群体的组建[J].林业科学,2017,53(1):54-61.FENG Y H,LI H G,YANG Z Q,et al.Construction of second generation breeding population of Pinus massoniana in Guangxi[J].Sci Silvae Sin,2017,53(1):54-61.
[7] GORT-OROMI J,MEHTÄTALO L,PELTOLA H,et al.Effects of spacing and genetic entry on radial growth and ring density development in Scots pine(Pinus sylvestris L.)[J].Ann For Sci,2011,68(7):1233-1243.DOI:10.1007/s13595-011-0117-8.
[8] 王润辉,胡德活,郑会全,等.杉木无性系生长和材性变异及多性状指数选择[J].林业科学,2012,48(3):45-50.WANG R H,HU D H,ZHENG H Q,et al.Clonal variation in growth and wood quality and the multi-trait index selection of Chinese fir[J].Sci Silvae Sin,2012,48(3):45-50.
[9] 李艳霞,张含国,邓继峰,等.长白落叶松木芯基本密度与材性指标相关及建筑材优良家系选择研究[J].北京林业大学学报,2012,34(5):6-14.LI Y X,ZHANG H G,DENG J F,et al.Correlations among wood density,wood physical mechanics index and growth trait,and selection of elite families for production of building products in Larix olgensis[J].J Beijing For Univ,2012,34(5):6-14.DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.2012.05.015.
[10] 李昌荣,陈健波,郭东强,等.锯材大花序桉生长和材性的综合指数选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(1):1-8.LI C R,CHEN J B,GUO D Q,et al.Comprehensive index selection on superior growth and wood properties of Eucalyptus cloeziana for saw timber[J].J Nanjing For Univ(Nat Sci Ed),2019,43(1):1-8.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201805015.
[11] 周志春.应用木荷良种化造林服务浙江大花园建设[J].浙江林业,2019(6):22-23.ZHOU Z C.The application of Schima superba service the construction of Zhejiang great garden[J].Zhejiang For,2019(6):22-23.
[12] 林磊,周志春,范辉华,等.木荷优树子代苗期生长遗传和变异研究[J].林业科学研究,2009,22(2):155-160.LIN L,ZHOU Z C,FAN H H,et al.Inheritance and variation of seedling growth traits of open-pollinated families from plus-tree in Schima superba[J].For Res,2009,22(2):155-160.DOI:10.13275/j.cnki.lykxyj.2009.02.007.
[13] 辛娜娜,张蕊,范辉华,等.5年生木荷生长和形质性状的家系变异和选择[J].林业科学研究,2014,27(3):316-322.XIN N N,ZHANG R,FAN H H,et al.Family variation and selection of growth and quality characteristics of 5-year-old Schima superba seedlings[J].For Res,2014,27(3):316-322.DOI:10.13275/j.cnki.lykxyj.2014.03.004.
[14] 周志春,金国庆,秦国峰.马尾松幼龄材密度、管胞长度的地理遗传变异及性状相关[J].林业科学研究,1990(4):393-397.ZHOU Z C,JIN G Q,QIN G F.Geographical variation and correlation in specific gravity and tracheid length of juvenile wood of masson pine[J]. For Res,1990(4):393-397.DOI:10.13275/j.cnki.lykxyj.1990.04.019.
[15] WHITE T L,ADAMS W T,NEALE D B.Forest genetics[M].Wallingford:CABI,2007.DOI:10.1079/9781845932855.0000.
[16] 杨桂娟,胡海帆,孙洪刚,等.林分年龄、造林密度和林分自然稀疏对杉木人工林个体大小分化和生产力关系的影响[J].林业科学,2019,55(11):126-136.YANG G J,HU H F,SUN H G,et al.The influences of stand age,planting density and self-thinning on relationship between size inequality and periodic annual increment in Chinese fir(Cunninghamia lanceolata)plantations[J].Sci Silvae Sin,2019,55(11):126-136.
[17] ZHANG Z,JIN G Q,FENG Z P,et al.Joint influence of genetic origin and climate on the growth of masson pine(Pinus massoniana Lamb.)in China[J].Sci Rep,2020,10:4653. DOI:10.1038/s41598-020-61597-9.
[18] 由远祥,闫平玉,张含国,等. 杂种落叶松遗传变异分析及优良家系选择[J].江苏林业科技,2019,46(5):36-41.YOU Y X, YAN P Y,ZHANG H G,et al. Analysis of genetic variation and superior families selection of Larix hybrids [J].J Jiangsu For Sci Technol, 2019,46(5):36-41. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2019.05.007.
[19] 欧阳芳群,祁生秀,蔡启山,等.青海云杉自由授粉家系遗传评价与选择[J].林业科学研究,2018,31(6):26-32.OUYANG F Q,QI S X,CAI Q S,et al.Genetic evaluation and selection on open-pollinated families of Picea crassifolia Kom[J].For Res,2018,31(6):26-32.DOI:10.13275/j.cnki.lykxyj.2018.06.004.
[20] 洪舟,杨曾奖,张宁南,等.降香黄檀生长和材性性状种源差异及早期选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2020,44(1):11-17.HONG Z,YANG Z J,ZHANG N N,et al.Variation and provenance juvenile selection of growth and wood characters for Dalbergia odorifera[J].J Nanjing For Univ(Nat Sci Ed),2020,44(1):11-17.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201903018.
[21] BALTUNIS B S,GAPARE W J,WU H X.Genetic parameters and genotype by environment interaction in radiata pine for growth and wood quality traits in Australia[J].Silvae Genet,2010,59(1/6):113-124.DOI:10.1515/sg-2010-0014.
[22] 张帅楠,栾启福,姜景民.基于无损检测技术的湿地松生长及材性性状遗传变异分析[J].林业科学,2017,53(6):30-36.ZHANG S N,LUAN Q F,JIANG J M.Genetic variation analysis for growth and wood properties of slash pine based on the non-destructive testing technologies[J].Sci Silvae Sin,2017,53(6):30-36.
[23] 李斌,顾万春,夏良放,等.鹅掌楸种源材性遗传变异与选择[J].林业科学,2001,37(2):42-50.LI B,GU W C,XIA L F,et al.Study on genetic variation and selection of main wood characteristics among provenances of Liriodendron[J].Sci Silvae Sin,2001,37(2):42-50.
[24] 宋云民,黄铨,黄永利.湿地松家系生长和材性遗传变异分析[J].林业科学研究,1995,8(6):671-676. SONG Y M,HUANG Q,HUANG Y L.Genetic variation analysis of growth and wood properties of slash pine on the family level[J].For Res,1995,8(6):671-676.DOI:10.13275/j.cnki.lykxyj.1995.06.015.
[25] 杨宗武,郑仁华,傅忠华,等.马尾松工业用材优良家系选择的研究[J].林业科学,2003,39(S1):74-80.YANG Z W,ZHENG R H,FU Z H,et al.Study on selection of excellent families for industrial wood of Pinus massoniana[J].Sci Silvae Sin,2003,39(S1):74-80.
[26] 林思京.25年生马尾松生长和木材基本密度家系变异与选择[J].林业科学研究,2010,23(6):804-808.LIN S J.Growth and wood density of 25-year-old masson's pine:inter-family variation and selection[J].For Res,2010,23(6):804-808.DOI:10.13275/j.cnki.lykxyj.2010.06.005.
[27] 吴际友,龙应忠,余格非,等.湿地松半同胞家系主要经济性状的遗传分析及联合选择[J].林业科学,2000,36(S1):56-61.WU J Y,LONG Y Z,YU G F,et al.Genetic analysis and combined selection of main economic characters of halfsib families for slash pine[J].Sci Silvae Sin,2000,36(S1):56-61.
[28] LYNCH M,WALSH B.Genetics and analysis of quantitative traits[M].Sunderland,MA:Sinauer,1998,103-115.
[29] 张帅楠.湿地松材性测定技术研究与多性状联合选择[D].北京:中国林业科学研究院,2017.ZHANG S N.Study on the evaluation technique of wood property and multiple trait selection of Pinus elliottii[D].Beijing:Chinese Academy of Forestry,2017.
[30] 姜笑梅,张立非,张绮纹,等.36个美洲黑杨无性系基本材性遗传变异的研究[J].林业科学研究,1994,7(3):253-258.JIANG X M,ZHANG L F,ZHANG Q W,et al.Genetic variation in basic wood properties of 36 clones of Populus deltoides[J].For Res,1994,7(3):253-258.DOI:10.13275/j.cnki.lykxyj.1994.03.003.

相似文献/References:

[1]宋青,彭志,王金虎,等.苏州光福自然保护区木荷林群落学特征[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(02):023.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.02.005]
 SONG Qing,PENG Zhi,WANG lin-hu,et al.Phytocoenological features of the Schimαsuperbα community in Guangfu Nature Reserve , Suzhou[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2008,32(05):023.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.02.005]
[2]袁冬明,林磊,严春风,等.木荷轻基质网袋容器育苗技术研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2011,35(06):053.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.06.011]
 YUAN Dongming,LIN Lei,YAN Chunfeng,et al.Studies on light weight medium fabric container for seedling culturetechniques of Schima superba[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2011,35(05):053.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2011.06.011]
[3]程 方,安会翠,刘 戈,等.抗松针褐斑病湿地松组培再生植株生长性状观察[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2012,36(02):069.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.02.014]
 CHENG Fang,AN Huicui,LIU Ge,et al.Observation of growth traits on tissue culture plantlets of slash Pinus elliottii[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2012,36(05):069.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.02.014]
[4]顾叶,鲁小珍*.凤阳山保护区木荷种群生态位研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2012,36(06):042.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.06.009]
 GU Ye,LU Xiaozhen*.Studies on the niche of Schima superba Gardn in Fengyangshan Nature Reserve[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2012,36(05):042.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2012.06.009]
[5]郑仁华.幼龄福建柏种源生长性状的遗传变异和种源选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2005,29(05):008.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.05.002]
 ZHENG Ren-hua.Genetic Variations of Growth Traits Selection Among Provenances of Fokienia hodginsii at Juvenile Stage[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2005,29(05):008.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2005.05.002]
[6]张应中,赵奋成,李福明,等.湿加松F, 杂种家系年度生长相关及其早期选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2008,32(04):033.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.04.007]
 ZHANG Ying-zhong,ZHAO Fen-cheng,LI Fu-ming,et al.The growth correlation among ages of Pinus elliottii var. elliottii× P. caribaea var. hondurensis F1 hybrids and its early selection[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2008,32(05):033.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.2008.04.007]
[7]曹汉洋.杉木、马尾松、木荷纯林及其混交林的土壤养分状况[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),1998,22(02):045.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1998.02.010]
 Cao Hanyang.RESEARCH ON NUTRIENT STATUS OF PURE CHINESE FIR, MASSON PINE, SCHIMA SUPERBA AND MIXED FORESTS[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),1998,22(05):045.[doi:10.3969/j.jssn.1000-2006.1998.02.010]
[8]倪建中,王 伟,郁书君,等.不同种源木棉生长及光合特性研究[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,39(06):185.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.06.033]
 NI Jianzhong,WANG Wei,YU Shujun,et al.Analysis of growth traits and photosynthetic characteristics of Bombax ceiba among different provenances[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2015,39(05):185.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2015.06.033]
[9]徐 静,孙洪志*,郭滨德.帽儿山地区樟子松优良种源的选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,41(01):061.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.01.010]
 XU Jing,SUN Hongzhi*,GUO Binde.The superior provenance selection of Mongolian scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica)forests at Maoershan area[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2017,41(05):061.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.2017.01.010]
[10]解懿妮,莫晓勇,彭仕尧,等.粤西21个桉树无性系早期性状遗传变异分析和无性系综合选择[J].南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(03):073.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201708010]
 XIE Yini,MO Xiaoyong,PENG Shiyao,et al.Genetic variation analysis and early comprehensive selection of 21 Eucalyptusclones in western Guangdong Province, China[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2018,42(05):073.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-2006.201708010]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-03-30 修回日期:2020-05-12 基金项目:浙江省农业(林木)新品种选育重大科技专项重点课题(2016C02056-3); 江西省科技创新专项(201919); 福建省林木种苗科技攻关六期项目专项(201904)。 第一作者:王云鹏(wypcnsd@163.com)。*通信作者:张蕊(zhangruicaf@caf.ac.cn),副研究员,ORCID(0000-0003-2667-935X)。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01